The First in Space
The Space Race was a 20th-century competition between two Cold War rivals, the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US), to achieve firsts in spaceflight capability. It had its origins in the ballistic missile-based nuclear arms race between the two nations that occurred following World War II. Overall the USA won the Space Race because they kept on throwing more and more money into this race and that resulted in sending Neil Armstrong up to the moon who became first to walk on it !
HOWEVER, the real pioneers of space discovery was the Soviet cosmonauts.
Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was a Soviet Air Forces pilot and cosmonaut who became the first human to journey into outer space, achieving a major milestone in the Space Race; his capsule Vostok 1 completed one orbit of Earth on 12 April 1961.This clearly shows that the Soviet Union were the first to go up in space because Yuri went in 1961 and Neil went up in 1969! Also the Soviet Union have the record of first woman in space, first animal in space and the first shuttle in space.Although the USA won the Space Race the Soviet Union were the true space pioneers! This victory of the USA encoraged them to create the world famous NASA...
The Birth of NASA
While this new federal agency would conduct all non-military space activity, the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) was created in February 1958 to develop space technology for military application. On July 29, 1958, Eisenhower (president of America) signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, establishing NASA.Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th president of the United States from 1953 to 1961, he was also the one who signed the contract of NASA!
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › NASA