Space is big. So big in fact that we have only discovered a tiny portion of the infinite plain of wonder that makes it up. However, Earth is dying, whether you like it or not, an we need to find a new habitable plant to live on. Recently, attention has been turned to the closest planet to us, Mars, as signs of water have been found on it in the form of ice. This got me thinking about whether or not Mars is even habitable.
I will be splitting this post into sections, each one focusing on an aspect that humans need to survive, and whether Mars has them or can be given them by us humans.
As previously mentioned, water does appear on Mars,in the atmosphere but mainly in the form of ice. Humans could use forms of heat to melt the ice, giving Humans the most needed rescourse for life: water. Water is needed for life because humans need water to drink, bathe, cook, to name a few. Most of the ice on Mars is located underground, which means we would have to bring some kind or drills to dig for ice and melt it for water. This could bring complications, as we would need more rockets to transport these to Mars, which would cost even more money. That being said, we do have water on Mars, so we can survive on that front.
Now this is the real problem. There is no life on Mars, which means no animals for food. There is no fertile soil on Mars, so we also cannot grow plants. The only source of food we would have is...each other. I know, pretty grim right? Surely there must be another way? Well sadly, there isn't. At least, not yet. However, we could set up a small Mars base with oxygen inside, where we can grow plants, but we are far from that yet. At this point, there is no food on Mars, and we can't make any.
This one is possible. If we can make a space station worth 150 billion built on virtually nothing, then we can build a Mars base for people to live in
Then, we can use solar panels, with water sprinklers to remove all the dust, to provide power. A series of tunnels could connect them, with multiple airlocks to prevent vaccum accidents wiping out the whole base. For oxygen inside the base, we can plant trees and plants to transfer the CO2 we breathe out into oxygen. A base is probably the easiest task humans could do to make Mars habitable.
Transport on Mars
For transporting people on Mars, we cannot use cars, as the landscape is too rough. Instead, we should costruct a series of monorail lines covering the entire planet, with the train consisting of self-driving, automatic 'pods' with built in airlocks. Each station would then connect to a Mars base, with the name of the base displayed by a large LED sign seeable in any storms. Speaking of storms, the track would be covered by a glass tube, which would kind of look like a see-through tube(subway if you are American) tunnel. This tube would protect it from any kind of storm, with emergency escape hatches in the ceilings of these tunnels for an easy escape. We can use solar panels on top of these tubes to provide the train with the power it needs to move. The main station wouldbe where the rockets land at, so any new guests could quickly enter the monorail to go to their new home.
Transport to Mars
This would be the expensive part. We would have to make enough rockets to fit 1.7 billion people, about 1 million drills for water, lots of monorail and Mars base parts and rescources for food planting. The number we are talking about is huge! Some people say it will cost no more than the International Space Station, hich cost 150 billion, whereas others predict that the price could go as high as 1.5 trillion! That is a lot of money! That means that to achieve this the whole world would have to work together to make this happen.
Still not possible?
Unfortunately, this still may not be possible and it may just be a waste of everybody's time, This is because there is no oxygen on Mars for humans to breathe, and the land is infertile so we cannot plant trees. However hope is not lost. Recent scienticfc studies show that Mars does have an atmosphere, it is just extremely thin. With enough CO2, we can use the greenhouse affect on Mars, the very thing which damages our planet so badly, to strenghten the atmosphere. Then, we can fertilise the land and make oxygen without worrying about the oxygen flying off into space. This means life on Mars may be possible after all.
What do you think? Do you think that life on Mars is possible, or do you think it is just a waste of time? Will the prospect change as life on Earth gets worse? At some point, the opinion may tip in favour of Mars, if it hasn't already.
Magical_chicken, Graveney School