In Myannmar the military are, although significantly less then they used to be, very powerfull. According to CNN 'In 2008 a new Constitution allocated a quarter of the seats in parliament to the military' and 'In the Constitution, the role of the commander-in-chief -- who is the ultimate military authority. -- often overrides that of the President. Along with nominating military candidates for seats in both houses of parliament, the Constitution also allows the commander-in-chief, in the event of a state of emergency "the right to take over and exercise State sovereign power.".'
Myannmar used to be completley ruled by the military until a campaign, led largely by Ann Sang Suu Kyi campaigned for democracy, eventually suceeding.
So the military aren't technically in control, but because of their presence in the government, they can legally make changes. For instance, when Ann san Suu Kyi's party was about to be elected the military changed the constitution to make 'the condition that no one with dual-citizen relations (including parents or children) can ever be president. Because both of Suu Kyi's adult sons are British citizens, as was her late husband, she was unable to assume the presidency. ' They didn't want Ann San Suu Kyi to be president so they craftily changed the constitution so that, by law, she couldn't assume the role.
What's my opinion
So I think the situation of the military is far better then something like 3 decades ago, when they ruled the country totally. However, I think that they still have far too much power. Although they only have a quarter of seats in parliament, they still influence the country a lot and have clauses in the constitution allowing them to override the president. At the moment, I think they are taking advantage of this power and the knowledge that they are in some way protected by the constitution and as a result they are killing and persecuting the Rohingya people without fearing punishment. Because of this power that they have, I worry that the persecution of the Rohingya will not stop soon. Generally on the hub, I am getting the opinion that most people, including myself in recent posts are blaming Ann San Suu Kyi for not doing anything. However, if she did speak up, there is a fair possibility that the military might just override her, possibly even start persecuting the Rohingya people more. The fact that a country's troops can be ordered by the head of the miltary to persecute a whole race of people and not be punished for it is shocking and should not be allowed to happen. The fact is that the miltary are killing and persecuting all these people and not being punished or stopped.This is not OK.On paper, the military do not have enough power to do this and get away with it (they only have 1 quarter of seats) but in real life they do, they have edited their constitution, their law to limit the power of democracy and give them as much power as possible. I think that it is quite possible that if the military did not have so much power, that the persecution of these Rohingya people would not be happening, or atleast not to this extent. If Myanmar's military were controlled solely by the government, rather than the commander in chief, they would not be able to do what they wanted without getting permission from parliament, they would not be able to kill and punish all of these innocent people. This is why I believe they should have less power in the government, perhaps none at all because if they could be stopped easily by the government and if they couldn't do whatever they wanted, Myannmar and the Rohingya people wouldn't be in this mess in the first place.
So what do you think, how much power do you think the military have, should they have the power they do and, considering the military's role in all of this, is Ann Sang Suu Kyi really at fault here?