History of Myanmar

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The history of Myanmar

The history of Myanmar is amazing! Before this contrary of Myanmar used to be called Burma but it has changed to Myanmar because there was another colony in the British before in 1948. This rich history covers the time of the first known human settlements about 13,000 years ago to this present day; the earliest inhabitants of history were a Tibeto-Burman-speaking people who established the Pyu city-states as far as Pyay and adopted Theravada Buddhism.

Another group of the Barman people entered the upper Irrawaddy valley in the early 9th century. They went on to establish the Bagan Kingdom (1044-1287),the first-ever unification of the Irrawaddy valley. The Burmese language and Bamar culture slowly came to replace Pyu norms at this period. After the First Mongol invasion of Burma in 1287- several tiny kingdoms- of which the Kingdom of Ava, the Hanthawaddy Kingdom, the Kingdom of Mrauk U and the Shan States were principal powers , came to take over the landscape, replete with ever-shifting alliances and constant wars.

In the second half of the 16th centuary, the Taungoo Dynasty (1510-1752) joined the contuary. It founded the largest empire of its centuary in the history of Southen Asia for a short period. Later Taungoo kings instituted several key administrative and economic reforms that gave rise to a smaller, more calm and prosperous kingdom in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. In the second half of the 18th century, the Konbaung Dynasty (1752–1885) restored the kingdom,and continued the Taungoo reforms that increased central rule in peripheral regions and produced one of the most literate states in Asia. The dynasty also went to war with all its neighbours! The Anglo-Burmese wars (1824–1885) eventually led to British colonial rule.

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