Session two: changing workforce

STEP 1

Please don't look ahead if you haven't done the session yet in the classroom, as that'll ruin the fun!

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STEP 2

Experts predict how businesses might change in the future by looking at what is happening now and how people feel about it.

There are three main predictions about what work will look like in the future.

Prediction 1: gig economy Prediction 2: automation Prediction 3: remote working
People will work for themselves or for a range of employers and get paid for multiple jobs (or “gigs”) rather than having one full time job with an annual salary. Technology like machines, robots or artificial intelligence will replace some “low-skilled” jobs done by people. People will use technology and online platforms to do their job from wherever they want.
For example, someone might be a taxi driver, delivery driver and a cleaner on different days of the week. These people have more flexibility over their work but have less job security and fewer benefits. For example, robots can serve customers, and drones can deliver packages. Jobs within services like waiters or cashiers could be replaced too. For example, instead of a person going to an office for a meeting, they might stay at home and use Zoom.

Try to sum up each prediction in:

  • one sentence
  • three words
  • an action

STEP 3

Experts look for clues about what might happen in the future of work by thinking about what’s already happening and making hypotheses (educated guesses). You'll need to make some notes during this activity! In the document below you will find a series of clues. Read each one. After each clue, ask yourself:

  1. Which prediction does this information support? Gig economy, automation or remote working?
  2. What hypothesis about the future can you make from this clue? For example, “this clue shows that more people are XXX than before, so I predict it will continue to get more popular in the future”.

To read the answers, right click on the clues and rotate the page so that they are easy to read (or rotate yourself!)


STEP 4

An opportunity for one person could be a problem for another.

Three big questions! For each of the slides below, try to answer all of the questions on either side of the argument. Once you have done that, return to the BIG QUESTION and try to answer it, using evidence from the mini-debate you have just had.

  • Which of the predictions will create the most opportunities?
  • Which will create the most problems?
  • How could people solve these problems?

STEP 5

Have a look at the skills.

BNC Skills 2020 Descriptions

For each skill, decide why it is helpful for

  1. Gig economy workers
  2. Remote workers
  3. More automation in the workplace

Over to you!

Head to the comments section below to share some of your thoughts on the activities and see what club members in other schools think.

Comments (122)

  • Hammond School logo sincere_ferret | Hammond Junior School B
    09 Nov 2020

    I really liked your questions

    Reply to this comment
  • Hammond School logo committed_banjo | Hammond Junior School B
    09 Nov 2020

    About the robots replacing people’s jobs there are ups and downs about that happening...An example is cashiers. If their jobs were replaced then usually it would be pretty hard to find a job that suits you but with the gig economy you can work for yourself.
    But without people as cashiers then it would be so much easier to steal. So the people have to stick around to do security, mostly because technology is not good in high temperatures...So there should also be someone monitoring cameras to spy on people, robots and security.

    Reply to this comment
    1. Annotation 2020-11-02 133349.jpg EXPERT: Andrew Hebden, Senior Manager @ Bank of England
      committed_banjo's comment 11 Nov 2020

      Hi committed_banjo - you make a good point about how automation can not only just lead to jobs disappearing, but also to the creation of new ones. Your example about cashiers is a really good one. Can you think of any others where automation leads to an existing job disappearing, but a new one being created? What challenges might that bring for the person who had the original job?

      Reply to this comment
      1. Hammond School logo committed_banjo | Hammond Junior School B
        Andrew Hebden, Senior Manager @ Bank of England's comment 23 Nov 2020

        Not sure but taxis could be automated because tesla has auto pilot so there must be other technology like that where it scans the channel of the road and other cars but the problem is after every day there would have to be a navigation update and that could lead to being dangerous and frightening for a family. It would be really stressful for that to happening but could help with covid-19. Therefore it would decrease taxi deaths because of covid but there could be a lack of tech in it.

        Reply to this comment
  • Boutcher-logo-250x250.jpg terrific_raccoon | Boutcher C of E Primary School A
    10 Nov 2020

    Okay I won’t cheet but you know about the Future Of Work,and robots, are robots alive and what do they have inside them like humans have so they could be like a human and do human jobs. I have watched this film called “Sam and Cat”. and there’s this restaurant they like. A few robot work there and they help the restaurant. One of the characters were scared of a robot. Back to the robots. A robot can do more things that us right. But they don’t have the skill to help humans(I think). Robots are made bye humans and only talented people could fix it. So I think robots should work because sometimes they take all the attention because they can still dance . So I think robots shouldn’t be made for working

    Reply to this comment
  • New-Horizons-logo-250x250.jpg ethical_song | New Horizons Children's Academy
    10 Nov 2020

    I think that Gig economy and automation would help fill a lot of jobs that could of been missed because of COVID-19

    Reply to this comment
    1. Olivia-Avatar.jpg Olivia @ the BNC
      ethical_song's comment 10 Nov 2020

      Can you say how?

      Reply to this comment
  • New-Horizons-logo-250x250.jpg ethical_song | New Horizons Children's Academy
    10 Nov 2020

    Automation could cause some problems because robots could easily go wrong and if we where trusting them that much with mass production and the go wrong it could cause some serious problems

    Reply to this comment
    1. Annotation 2020-11-02 133349.jpg EXPERT: Andrew Hebden, Senior Manager @ Bank of England
      ethical_song's comment 11 Nov 2020

      Hi ethical_song - yes, the risk of robots going wrong is a big one. But can't humans go wrong too? We all make mistakes. Do you think robots going wrong is a bigger risk than humans making mistakes? Why?

      Reply to this comment
      1. St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg lovely_duck | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
        Andrew Hebden, Senior Manager @ Bank of England's comment 12 Nov 2020

        I personally think that robots are going to take over the world honestly that is wat I think I'm not trying to be silly and
        if we keep it this rate it mite actorly happen I mean look they doubled in a year it went 4 % to 8%.

        Reply to this comment
      2. New-Horizons-logo-250x250.jpg ethical_song | New Horizons Children's Academy
        Andrew Hebden, Senior Manager @ Bank of England's comment 16 Nov 2020

        Yes I think that the risk of robots depends on how much we trust them because we shouldnt depend on robots

        Reply to this comment
  • Lyons Hall Primary School giving_tamarind | Lyons Hall Primary School A
    10 Nov 2020

    Goni Awesome 😎 I really enjoyed it thanks 🙏

    Reply to this comment
  • cheerful_skill | Whyteleafe School E
    10 Nov 2020

    Gig Economy will help to , Fight viruses ( such as Covid 19 ) and Help people in need . ( they might use money to be a doctor / nurse)

    Reply to this comment
    1. katie.jpg Katie @ the BNC
      cheerful_skill's comment 11 Nov 2020

      Can you explain why "gig economy will help to fight viruses", cheerful_skill?

      Reply to this comment
  • Birchwood-logo-250x250.jpg mindful_volcano | Birchwood C of E Primary School
    10 Nov 2020

    I loved the questions. I do not think that the robot would work though. For Example: There may be malfunction in the robots system and it may go out of control and ruin the business. Also, an other reason is that some people might get scared of the robot and not what to come to that place any more and go some were else. There are a few other reasons to such as with no people it might be way more easy for the place to get robed.

    Reply to this comment
  • Ditton Logo productive_lemon | Ditton Primary School C
    11 Nov 2020

    I really liked your questions

    Reply to this comment
  • Ditton Logo beloved_truth | Ditton Primary School C
    11 Nov 2020

    Thank you for your very helpful advice 👍🏻

    Reply to this comment
  • Ditton Logo unique_cloud | Ditton Primary School C
    11 Nov 2020

    Plearse take. Care of. old. people also. your. self. When. You are at. home. or at work. plearse all day. every day😜😍

    Reply to this comment
  • insightful_region | Whyteleafe School E
    11 Nov 2020

    Hi Olivia I thought that your questions were really good I didn't know what one to pick.

    Reply to this comment
  • Ditton Logo credible_moose | Ditton Primary School B
    11 Nov 2020

    I think automation is a bad thing for our future because people with bad education can't get a job

    Reply to this comment
  • Ditton Logo candid_wolf | Ditton Primary School B
    11 Nov 2020

    I think its bad because there is less jobs and less money.

    Reply to this comment
  • Ditton Logo best_rainforest | Ditton Primary School B
    11 Nov 2020

    I think Automation is great for the future because robots can help us do our jobs and help us with our daily stuff. c:

    Reply to this comment
  • Ditton Logo creative_snake | Ditton Primary School B
    11 Nov 2020

    I think gig economy is a good thing for out future because you don't get bored and you get to learn what your job is like.

    Reply to this comment
  • Ditton Logo amazing_clam | Ditton Primary School B
    11 Nov 2020

    I think Automation is bad because the people would stay home and get less jobs for everyone

    Reply to this comment
    1. katie.jpg Katie @ the BNC
      amazing_clam's comment 11 Nov 2020

      I don't think that's quite right - automation is supposed to create more jobs than it takes, amazing_clam. Do you think the people that lose their jobs because of machines could learn to do a different job instead?

      Reply to this comment
  • Ditton Logo intuitive_queen | Ditton Primary School B
    11 Nov 2020

    I am explaining automation it is bad for people and what if the robots run out of charge people will start to lose education and also the robots will take over peoples jobs.

    Reply to this comment
    1. katie.jpg Katie @ the BNC
      intuitive_queen's comment 11 Nov 2020

      What do you mean by "people will start to lose education" intuitive_queen?

      Reply to this comment
  • Ditton Logo beloved_ant | Ditton Primary School B
    11 Nov 2020

    The good thing about remote working is that you can't get ill like you can't get covid 19

    Reply to this comment
  • Ditton Logo constructive_fish | Ditton Primary School B
    11 Nov 2020

    I think Remote Working is good for the future because , when your working on a computer and your working inside you wont get ill , less traffic because you don't work in a building and better for the eviroment so I think that's why its better for the future

    Reply to this comment
    1. JH_pic.jpg EXPERT: Jonathan Hooker @ KPMG
      constructive_fish's comment 17 Nov 2020

      Hi constructive_fish, I agree that there are lots of benefits to working remotely. Can you think of any negatives for remote workers though? What might they miss out on?

      Reply to this comment
  • Ditton Logo magnificent_instrument | Ditton Primary School B
    11 Nov 2020

    the questions in this help us understand the importance of life movements.i personally think that the gig economy is the start of no jobs for fired or non working people that decide they need a new job. this is bad for everyone because you could get payed more but some people need the proper money

    Reply to this comment
  • Ditton Logo centered_snake | Ditton Primary School B
    11 Nov 2020

    I think automation is bad becauseyou will loose your skills, there will be less jobs and no more low skilled jobs.

    Reply to this comment
    1. katie.jpg Katie @ the BNC
      centered_snake's comment 11 Nov 2020

      How might automation be a good thing too centered_snake?

      Reply to this comment
      1. St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg terrific_frog | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
        Katie @ the BNC's comment 12 Nov 2020

        Automation can be a good thing because some jobs that humans aren't good at some robot are. For example, raspberries are very delicate, if you squish them they are not good for eating, but robots gently move them along using an air cushion and put it in a fruit packet so they come out firm and good to eat. In addition to this, robot can pack things very quickly (unless it malfunctions).

        Reply to this comment
        1. tom Tom @ the BNC
          terrific_frog's comment 12 Nov 2020

          That's an interesting point, terrific_frog. Could this mean less food waste?

          Reply to this comment
        2. St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg aware_rabbit | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
          terrific_frog's comment 16 Nov 2020

          I agree with you, because robot are actually better than humans because of the speed and the automation. But on the other side what if it was a grocery store and there was only the boss and the robots did all the work, and then the robots stopped stopped functioning and there was no food packed ready for the deliveries. It would take a long time to refunction the robots.

          Reply to this comment
          1. Olivia-Avatar.jpg Olivia @ the BNC
            aware_rabbit's comment 17 Nov 2020

            Well done for thinking creatively about this problem. Is there a middle ground between the two options?

            Reply to this comment
  • Ditton Logo introspective_mulberry | Ditton Primary School B
    11 Nov 2020

    I think that remote learning is bad because if you are learning from home you might get destracted or might not pick up information properly.

    Reply to this comment
    1. katie.jpg Katie @ the BNC
      introspective_mulberry's comment 11 Nov 2020

      An interesting thought, introspective_mulberry. Do you think this is the case for everyone?

      Reply to this comment
  • Ditton Logo exuberant_whale | Ditton Primary School B
    11 Nov 2020

    I think remote working is a good thing because it will help the environment but bad for bisnessis because they will go out of buissness

    Reply to this comment
    1. katie.jpg Katie @ the BNC
      exuberant_whale's comment 11 Nov 2020

      This is not quite true, exuberant_whale. In fact, many businesses are doing well with their workers working remotely. Can you think of reasons why remote working might be a good thing for businesses?

      Reply to this comment
      1. St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg sensible_horse | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
        Katie @ the BNC's comment 12 Nov 2020

        I agree with you because a job would not go out of business just because they work from home. it would help them if they have electronical devices sutible to face time or simply call each other. so it would not affect there work nor their wages

        Reply to this comment
  • Faringdon-logo-250x250.jpg careful_science | Faringdon Community College
    11 Nov 2020

    This is my view, hope you consider.

    I am going to explain what I think about using robots to replace humans in the future of work. I will start with my view if I think that robots should replace humans in most jobs. I think they shouldn't because it almost goes without saying that it will hurt the a lot of peoples lives whose jobs have been replaced as they will have no job thus no income and money. It will also (in my opinion) over think and and takes any character out of any jobs that might need even the siltiest bit of creativity. Enough thing that would be a issue to making loads of robots is the fact that it would cost a lot for anybody to make a robot for every human job that they would have to fill. On the website engineering 360, it says that a robotic arm that they use to make cars and other industrial items cost from 25,000 to 400,000 pounds. This may not seem a lot as a investment but if you just owned a small restaurant and needed 3 chefs 3 waiters, it could cost way in excess of 1 million pounds. Another bad think about robots is that they can malfunction and cause potential life threatening problems like: cause a fire or just go hay-wire and go crazy and hurt people. I personally don't think that it is worth replacing some or most of the jobs with robots just for a slight efficiency upgrade. Robots are normally quite reliable but when they do break or malfunction, very bad things can happen. Robots could help in covid-19 at the moment as they could be certain jobs that are putting a human into a venerable position and it could full those vacant jobs that need filling.

    Thank you for reading, hope you enjoyed.

    -careful_science

    Reply to this comment
    1. tom Tom @ the BNC
      careful_science's comment 12 Nov 2020

      Good evidence and reasons provided here, careful_science. Do you think some robots might actually be most effective in a pandemic, but then in the future may become less useful?

      Reply to this comment
  • Manor Park logo selfassured_journalist | Manor Park Primary Academy
    12 Nov 2020

    Hi BNC,
    I didn't really understand this session.
    Could someone please explain it to me?
    Thank you to any replies in advance,
    selfassured_journalist

    Reply to this comment
    1. tom Tom @ the BNC
      selfassured_journalist's comment 12 Nov 2020

      What don't you understand, selfassured_journalist?

      Reply to this comment
    2. St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg crafty_panther | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
      selfassured_journalist's comment 18 Nov 2020

      Its about telling about what skill is for gig economy,automation and remote workers.Just look at step 5.

      Reply to this comment
  • Michael-Faraday-logo-250x250.jpg decisive_redcurrant | Michael Faraday School
    12 Nov 2020

    This is very interesting but I think robots can o a great job at working and poor job at working because
    the bad thing about robots are!
    Firstly, they could end up going out of control or even ruining the business of the work place.
    Secondly, People could get frighntend of the robots as some robots can look scary and children might end up crying and adults might not like that!!
    Thirdly, Robots are made from lots of materials like Metal, Steal,Aluminium and more!! This is a question for one of the experts but are robots also made out of plastic??? because if robots are made out of plastics to that dangerous the world because you are cutting more trees which isn't helping the environment.
    The reason why robots can be good also is because
    Firstly, the could help the environment during the corona virus because when we have humans, humans are more likely to spread it to other.
    Secondly, because they can be more helpful because sometimes humans can be rude to other people but if we have robots I predict people will like the robots.
    And lastly, Robots could have a change to the world and maybe make the world a better place robots could actually help the environment but op you agree with me.. My question for the experts are Can robots be made out of plastic???

    Reply to this comment
  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg modest_seed | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    they can be made out of plastic and metal

    Reply to this comment
  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg alert_flight | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    i think it is not right on how robots are now taking peoples jobs because how is life going to go on? because if people cant pay like lets say bills for a house how will people get to have a happy and sucessful life

    Reply to this comment
    1. JH_pic.jpg EXPERT: Jonathan Hooker @ KPMG
      alert_flight's comment 17 Nov 2020

      Hi alert_flight, you raise a really important point about how important it is for people to be able to work to pay their bills. Do you think that robots will be able to replace humans in all jobs though? Do you think there is a possibility that different types of jobs will be created for us?

      Reply to this comment
  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg alert_peach | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    I would say no to removing people for robots because if its a cafe a robot could male functoin and it wont get round to be severing the food to the person and if your by yourself you could talk to the person serving you but you cant talk to the robot. Some people wont be able to have a house and wont be able to pay for there bills and there children wont be able to go to school and learn and they wont be able to survive whithout there money.

    Reply to this comment
    1. tom Tom @ the BNC
      alert_peach's comment 12 Nov 2020

      Yes, I imagine robot waiting staff wouldn't give the same kind of warm and personal service that a human can! I think this is the first mention of this on the Hub - well done!

      Reply to this comment
    2. St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg sensible_horse | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
      alert_peach's comment 12 Nov 2020

      i agree with you alert peach but i don't agree with you at the same time. your right about the watressing job, and probably a lot of other jobs too! but robots aren't all bad, factory's need robots for making almost impossible for normal people to do. so like i said robots aren't all bad _ sensible horse

      Reply to this comment
  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg smart_cranberry | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    I would say no to replacing people with robots because robots could get some thing wrong for example say if I went to a drive through and I ordered some food and then when I collected my food and there was lots of food missing I wouldn't be very happy. It would also not be that good for the people who got replaced because they would have lost a lot of money for there family and they wouldn't have a lot of money to pay there electricity and bills and lots of other stuff that they would have to pay for. If they didn't pay for things for there life and house then they would eventually loose there house and become poor.

    Reply to this comment
    1. tom Tom @ the BNC
      smart_cranberry's comment 12 Nov 2020

      Strong reasons, smart_cranberry!

      Reply to this comment
  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg logical_cheetah | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    I think it is not right on how robots are taking peoples jobs and what if a robot brakes then people will have to pay hundreds of pounds. How will life go on ?

    Reply to this comment
    1. St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg alert_flight | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
      logical_cheetah's comment 12 Nov 2020

      I think I have to agree because I think if robots takes over the world how will people ever get money or have nice homes or live a great life people would have to live on the streets of robots took over the world I think there be a country of robots taking over people's life running it they can t have a life how will they live

      Reply to this comment
      1. katie.jpg Katie @ the BNC
        alert_flight's comment 13 Nov 2020

        Is there evidence to suggest robots might take over the world, alert_flight?

        Reply to this comment
        1. St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg alert_flight | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
          Katie @ the BNC's comment 14 Nov 2020

          Because if they taking people's jobs away there could have chance to take over the world and how would life go on?

          Reply to this comment
  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg hardworking_fern | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    I would say no about people getting replaced by robots I think this because robots are faster then humans at doing stuff but if the robots malfunction the people would have to go to the factory and and fix the robots that malfunctioned . As well as if they got replaced they might not have the money to pay there bills and there electric bill this is my opinion

    Reply to this comment
  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg humble_studio | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    I dont think that robots should be abel to take over jobs unless its going to take a very long time

    Reply to this comment
    1. JH_pic.jpg EXPERT: Jonathan Hooker @ KPMG
      humble_studio's comment 17 Nov 2020

      Thanks for your comment humble_studio, I think you are saying that we need time if we are going to adjust to this. How do you think we should prepare for a world with increased numbers of robots?

      Reply to this comment
  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg sensible_horse | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    I think that robots can change the world of science; for example scientists right now and training robots to adjust to a worthy human life style work job.

    Reply to this comment
  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg polite_jackfruit | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    I don't think robots should take over, for a example if a cashier work at Tesco or Sainsburys if robot took over there jobs they would not get enough money for food, there rent and medication ( tablets ) or there family

    Reply to this comment
    1. Annotation 2020-11-02 133349.jpg EXPERT: Andrew Hebden, Senior Manager @ Bank of England
      polite_jackfruit's comment 12 Nov 2020

      Hi polite_jackfruit - it's interesting you use the example of cashiers at Tescos losing their jobs to robots. Has this not happened already with the introduction of the self-checkout machines? A lot of people use them. But not everyone. Why do you think that is? And what might it tell us about the future of jobs like supermarket workers?

      Reply to this comment
      1. St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg polite_jackfruit | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
        Andrew Hebden, Senior Manager @ Bank of England's comment 26 Nov 2020

        Thanks for writing back to me but for your question I think that some of the other customer or shops would not use the self-checkout for many reason

        1) People may not agree that robots should take over people jobs such as checkout or packing boxing and thing like that so they customers would would not do self check-out for they can earn money.

        2) Before lock down and some times now I used to go to shops like Tesco, Asda or Lidl and when ever I went some times if we would be in a rush we would go to self check-out so there would be no queue, but in the end we weld be there longer waiting for every-one to get out of each other way and some times workers would have to come over to scan the self-checkout screen with a piece of paper and that would be hard now because there would be no space to social distance.

        3) Also self-checkout may malfunction so that would mean you could be giving more money than needed and if your credit card got declined the bank could charge you money

        4)There would no communication so you would not be told how much you need to pay in a nice way it would be more like " charged 25£ please put your card in the slot" or something like that but if you payed cash they may not give you the right amount of change if needed

        So those are my points why some people may choose checkout over self-checkout.
        but for your other question.
        the future of work is shops I think robots would take over people jobs like stop or checkout but for some businesses it can be good because for one robot many more people would got more jobs because there would have to be people if it malfunctions or broke, some one to clean it and someone to store is some were safe and dry so is could be good in some ways for only some of the robots to take over peoples jobs like stock but i would prefer to talk to a human in checkout

        thanks from polite jackfruit

        Reply to this comment
        1. Olivia-Avatar.jpg Olivia @ the BNC
          polite_jackfruit's comment 26 Nov 2020

          You've shown great problem-solving here by considering the different issues with self checkout and well done for showing excellent listening skills and answering the question!

          Reply to this comment
  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg witty_dog | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    I think that listening in the gig_ economy helps because if you didn't listening you wouldn't know what to do.

    Reply to this comment
    1. St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg sensible_horse | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
      witty_dog's comment 12 Nov 2020

      I agree with you witty dog because listening is the key to success! if you listen, you will learn more than you will do if you do not listen. as i said at the beginning, listening is the key to success! so try listening more often and maybe you could succeed as well! go for it.

      Reply to this comment
  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg champion_aspect | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    In my opinion I think they should take away Robots and make people get they jobs back we need to help people to protect they family and save there lives. To stop people loosing money and turning poor we cant have this!!

    Reply to this comment
    1. Annotation 2020-11-02 133349.jpg EXPERT: Andrew Hebden, Senior Manager @ Bank of England
      champion_aspect's comment 12 Nov 2020

      Thanks for your comment champion_aspect. Your idea about de-automating jobs - i.e. removing the robots - is one worth thinking about a bit more. Has this ever happened do you think? Or once we have lost a job to a machine, is that it forever? What factors might force us to rethink about whether a job is best done by a robot or a human?

      Reply to this comment
  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg busy_snow | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    I feel that you should do the things you love but also do/have the things you need.

    Life isn't all about money but we do need money to survive because the government think they need more money for buildings, etc. I'm not going against them or anything.

    Reply to this comment
  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg crafty_panther | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    Creativity and problem solving are good for gig economy, because gig economy have a work-life balance so if a person was a doctor, a lawyer and a doctor, a doctor has to be problem solving so they can find a solution for a virus (like they have found a vaccine for the corona-virus),to be a lawyer you also have to be problem-solving and they have to listen

    Reply to this comment
    1. tom Tom @ the BNC
      crafty_panther's comment 12 Nov 2020

      A very good point, crafty_panther!

      Reply to this comment
  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg busy_snow | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    Robots are a good idea but I think we should just have 1 quarter robot and 3 quarter human. Byyeee!😊

    Reply to this comment
    1. St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg sensible_horse | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
      busy_snow's comment 12 Nov 2020

      i agree with you because robots are cool but you have to think about what the consequences are; some jobs aren't suitable for a machine or a robot to do like waitrassing or building.

      Reply to this comment
      1. katie.jpg Katie @ the BNC
        sensible_horse's comment 13 Nov 2020

        Could you explain why you think these jobs aren't "suitable for a machine or a robot to do", sensible_horse?

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  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg humble_studio | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    So I think actually well robot is a really good idea because they can do stuff that you can’t make it to am I would be a police officer so it could go very fast and I put a speed power thing on it so it could go very so I think actually well robot is a really good idea because they can do stuff that you can’t make it to am I would be a police officer so it could go very fast and I put a speed power thing on it so it could go very cross fast and also I would probably have a little compartment if it needed to cat someone I would put hand carbs in it or something that it would need like a taser or something so I think robots are kind of a good idea bye 🙂🙂🙂

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  • Cheam Common logo daring_whale | Cheam Common Junior Academy
    12 Nov 2020

    Automation as the robot might have a failure or might have a little defect that no on notices until it actually works on a human.

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  • Cheam Common logo thankful_shark | Cheam Common Junior Academy
    12 Nov 2020

    Robots aren't a good idea because they would take over and start not obeying us which will end up badly. We would be lazy.They would form an army once they will be smart

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    1. katie.jpg Katie @ the BNC
      thankful_shark's comment 13 Nov 2020

      Would this definitely happen, thankful_shark? Is there evidence for this?

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  • Cheam Common logo jubilant_dinosaur | Cheam Common Junior Academy
    12 Nov 2020

    I beleive that replacing humans with robots is a bad idea because lots of people would lose jobs and not get the money they need. In addition to this there may be a fault in the coding and cause problems. Plus the robots could be hacked and cause major problems. This will just make humans lazy and stop getting excersize.

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    1. Photo for news club.jpg EXPERT: Sarah Kinson, Content writer @ Bank of England
      jubilant_dinosaur's comment 13 Nov 2020

      You make some interesting points. Some people’s jobs – or parts of some jobs – could be done by robots. Are there any jobs you can think of that it would be a good idea? For example dangerous or boring jobs? Do you think people who did those jobs would be able to do something else? Can you think of jobs in the past that people don’t do any more because of changes in technology?

      Reply to this comment
      1. Cheam Common logo jubilant_dinosaur | Cheam Common Junior Academy
        Sarah Kinson, Content writer @ Bank of England's comment 17 Nov 2020

        possibly a miner or chimney sweep wich stopped because of dangerous work and was not good for your health.

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  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg sensible_horse | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    i think that replacing humans with a robot could go from the most incredible discovery, to the worst invention EVER! i go half and half on this one from _sensible horse

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  • Cheam Common logo quirky_glacier | Cheam Common Junior Academy
    12 Nov 2020

    im going to make a chef robot that will cook the finest of meals and what makes it better than a robot is that it will have the best recipes all uploaded into it instead of remembering it all and its name is chef robatia


    and my opinion is;
    itt is great that the robots can help us but it might make humans a bit lazy and unhealthy.

    Reply to this comment
    1. JH_pic.jpg EXPERT: Jonathan Hooker @ KPMG
      quirky_glacier's comment 17 Nov 2020

      I love this idea quirky_glacier; I'm all for eating perfect meals! Do you think the whole of a restaurant could be replaced by robots though? Would people want to eat there, even if the food was perfect every time?

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  • Cheam Common logo nice_lychee | Cheam Common Junior Academy
    12 Nov 2020

    Automation:
    A benefit about automation is that it does harder jobs for us and it makes mass-producing easier and quicker like making cars. However, we are becoming more reliant on robots and technology that we are becoming lazy. Another problem is that we are replacing peoples jobs so they don't get any money and we are creating robots that have a personality and can make their own choices . This is bad because robots might decide to be mean, evil and a nuisance.

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  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg busy_snow | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    Creativity could be good for making the robots because it would be nicer to have robots for more hard-working, non-skilled jobs so humans don't have to work so hard. Also, I don't think we should have too many robots as people could loose their jobs and becoming poor and losing money. I know it sounds silly but me and a few other people in my class think that in the future robots might take over the world.🤣 Making robots is dangerous but clever. A few jobs have the skills that nearly everyone has such as doctor etc.

    Reply to this comment
    1. katie.jpg Katie @ the BNC
      busy_snow's comment 13 Nov 2020

      An interesting thought! Could you explain a bit more about why you think robots might take over the world, busy_snow?

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  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg sensible_horse | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    i think that working from home is an amazing oportunity to spend time with your family and get on
    with a daily basis while you do the work that you would normaly
    be doing at your work place.

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  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg smart_cranberry | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    The only time that I would say yes to replacing a human with a robot is when a robot could do it better then a human like a taxi driver and there are other jobs but I cant wright then all down but maybe no because the robot could crash the car. Some people would say that a robot should replace a shop keeper but I would say no because for example you know the self check out place in a shop have it ever said like please put the bag in the bagging area or like please put the food in the bag and you have already done it and then you start to get really angry with. Well a real shop keepers wouldn't just say please put the bag in the bagging area please put the bag in the gagging area please put the bag in the bagging area would they no they wouldn't they would just say thank you because you have already done it they wouldn't be like the self check out place because the human shop keepers have eyes to see so that is why I wouldn't say yes to a human shop keeper being relapsed with a robot

    Reply to this comment
    1. katie.jpg Katie @ the BNC
      smart_cranberry's comment 13 Nov 2020

      I agree! Self-checkouts can be very frustrating, smart_cranberry!

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  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg champion_aspect | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    12 Nov 2020

    Yes, sometimes we can have Robots to help us like in hospitals and mountain rescue because they save lives and they are needed.

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  • Cheam Common logo wondrous_orca | Cheam Common Junior Academy
    12 Nov 2020

    I think gig economy is better because you can interact with each other and you'll go socially up the leaderboard. Let's take school for example. In person when you go to school, in break you can interact with people and you'll make friends which you can not do on a computer. Of course, because of the current situation i would say remote working is better because it will minimise contact so everyone will be safer.

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  • Cheam Common logo champion_watermelon | Cheam Common Junior Academy
    14 Nov 2020

    I think 2 would sometimes mess up because robots malfunction for example at a restraunt if someone on accident spills water a human could dry that up easy peasy but with a robot if the try to touch the water they might malfunction and shut down and their wires could go busted but as well robots could replace peoples work and they could loose there job and if robots take over all the jobs no one is going to get paid there for no one will survive

    Reply to this comment
    1. JH_pic.jpg EXPERT: Jonathan Hooker @ KPMG
      champion_watermelon's comment 17 Nov 2020

      Thanks for your comment champion_watermelon, I agree that there will need to be an element of humans and robots working together - what do you think that might mean for new types of jobs for humans?

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  • Cheam Common logo champion_watermelon | Cheam Common Junior Academy
    14 Nov 2020

    But also if i made a robot it would help the police and it would be Cheif Robotia and it would direct where all the criminals made a crime and help the police force and also it would bring donuts for a good days work yum 😛🥰😍

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  • majestic_tsunami | Whyteleafe School D
    14 Nov 2020

    I loved the quiz at the start ,and an answers to some of the thinking questions would be that I would live alone !!

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  • Upton-Cross-logo-250x250.jpg blissful_analysis | Upton Cross Primary School
    14 Nov 2020

    In my opinion, using Robots instead of humans is a bad idea this is because the robot could be working at a bakery but if they mix the batter sa little to fast it would go every where and make a mess then the robot will panic and start cleaning,when the robot starts to clean they will fall on the floor because it was wet and they will be broken.This suggests that humans do a better job because they will never malfunction or mess up.

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  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg crafty_panther | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    16 Nov 2020

    I dont think automation has creativity, problem solving, speaking or listening. Robots do not listen, people just program them. It doesnt think so it can not create and speak out since they cannot think. They cannot listen.

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  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg humble_studio | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    16 Nov 2020

    I think at the store self checkouts should be cleaned after every person uses them because one person has used them and your passing on Jurms other wise bye 👋

    Reply to this comment
  • JH_pic.jpg EXPERT: Jonathan Hooker @ KPMG
    17 Nov 2020

    Hi blissful_analysis, sounds like there could be some downsides to doing everything at 'robot speed', especially in a bakery! Do humans always do a better job though? Can you think of any examples where humans have 'messed up' in their jobs?

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  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg crafty_panther | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    17 Nov 2020

    Remote workers should have listening and speaking skills, its because if they dont listen when they are at zoom they need to listen so they can do what they need to do.And if they hire someone to do their work for them they have to speak out so the people they hired will know what they need to do.

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  • St-Gregorys-logo-250x250.jpg crafty_panther | St Gregory's Catholic Primary School
    17 Nov 2020

    We have a robot and the name is google assistant.If you ask it any question it will answer.No wonder people say that robots will replace peoples jobs.But I dont want that to happen.It can connect to the TV and a phone and so many more.

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  • Cheam Park logo eager_reflection | Cheam Park Farm Primary
    18 Nov 2020

    Hi BNC,
    I was just wondering what this question means:
    How could this help get the best person for the job?
    This is in the Remote Working part of the Big Questions.
    Thanks!!

    Reply to this comment
    1. tom Tom @ the BNC
      eager_reflection's comment 19 Nov 2020

      This means how could this help a business find the best person to fill a position!

      Reply to this comment
  • insightful_region | Whyteleafe School E
    19 Nov 2020

    I agree with you, because robot are actually better than humans because of the speed and the automation. But on the other side what if it was a grocery store and there was only the boss and the robots did all the work, and then the robots stopped stopped functioning and there was no food packed ready for the deliveries. It would take a long time to refunction the robots.

    insightful_region

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  • Cheam Park logo eager_reflection | Cheam Park Farm Primary
    20 Nov 2020

    eager_reflection here,
    I'm going to answer the Big Questions.

    1. Will the rise of gig economy create more opportunities or problems?

    a) Why might people want to work for themselves?
    I think that people might want to work for themselves because they do not get any peer pressure from their colleagues, making them more productive. They might like to do things on their own, with no one to boss them about. This can make people happier because they can get really stressed if someone tells them to do something but they don't want to do it. Some people are not good at taking criticism and may be less productive, so working on their own will stop that. They can work at their own pace and have the freedom of their own ideas.

    b) How might this help their work-life balance?
    It can help their work-life balance because they can spend more time with their family and friends but still work productively. This is because you can do multiple jobs that are part-time so you can use the spare time to spend on quality family time. Also, because you are doing lots of jobs, you learn lots of different skills, which you can show to you friends and family.

    c) Who might benefit from this?
    I think that various people can benefit from gig economy. The workers can benefit because, as I mentioned before, you can learn new skills. You have a very flexible working day because it is only part time. The employers also benefit because they do not have to pay sick pay, holiday pay and pensions.

    x) Is it harder or easier to find work on your own?
    I think that is quite hard to find work on your own. This is because lots of other people will also be looking for jobs, so there is greater competition. In addition, it is especially hard to find a job during this pandemic, because firms have to make staff redundant, so you cannot take their place because the employers made them redundant for a reason, that being COVID-19.

    y) How might people feel about not having a guaranteed source of income?
    I think that people will feel quite upset, worried and insecure. This is because they need to pay bills and food, but they may only get a small income, so this can make them feel insecure and worried that they might not have a place to live. This will also make them feel upset.

    z) Who might miss out?
    I think that you would miss out. This is because you will have to constantly change your skills to fit the type of job you want to do. This can be quite annoying too, because you are not working full-time, so you cannot gain experience. You will not be doing a job for a long time, because you only do it certain days of the week.

    Overall, I think that gig economy will create more problems. All the reasons for this I have mentioned above. I think gig economy is a great idea, but still has a few faults.

    2. Will an increase in automation create more opportunities or problems?

    a) Why might machines do a job better?
    I think that machines might do a job better because they can do things quicker than humans, with their computer programmed to do one thing at super speed. In addition, I think that it will reduce errors if the programming of it is correct. This way, robots cannot risk getting anything wrong. The technology is innovative and advanced, so it is made to be better at something than a human. Sometimes, a robot can be much smarter than a human, so can solve problems easier than us.

    b) How have machines already improved the workplace?
    Machines have already improved the workplace because they are more efficient and accurate at a faster speed than humans. This can save time, but still do the job correctly. It has also brought in customers, because people were interested in robots when they first came out.

    c) Who might benefit from this?
    I think that the employers will benefit from this. This is because they will make a profit from using the robots, despite them being so expensive. This is due to them being so productive, and will eventually make up their cost.

    x) Should robots be allowed to take people's jobs?
    I think that people should not be allowed to take people's jobs because they are taking away the thing that humans need to live, because working will make them money to buy essentials like food. In addition, they could break down, unlike humans. Even if they make a mistake, they will learn, unlike robots, who have no creativity. They are only programmed to do one or more things, nothing else. If robots took people's jobs, you wouldn't get that feel of having interaction with a human, which makes it feel as if we were lazy, using just robots to do manual work. Having a human serve you something feels more natural, and I think it will take a while to get used to a robot.

    y) Which jobs will be more likely to be replaced?
    I think that factory jobs will most likely be replaced. This is because it is quite dangerous working in a factory, and if people use robots instead, they would not get injured, and there is no loss of life. Unfortunately, a lot of people work in factories. According to Make UK, 2.7 million people work in manufacturing in the UK. I say it is unfortunate because lots of these people will lose their jobs if robots are brought in.

    z) Who might miss out?
    I think that the employees might miss out because they could lose their jobs, their place taken by a robot. They don't get to earn money, which is essential in life.

    Overall, I think that automation will have an equal amount of opportunities and problems. This is because, unlike gig economy, there is normally another side to the argument. For automation, people could lose their jobs, but they could find a better one. It's a win-win situation. Their old employers can use robot to make profits, and they could earn more money from the new job. I think that automation is a brilliant idea.

    3. Will the rise of remote working create more opportunities or problems?

    a) Why might people prefer to work remotely?
    I think that people would prefer to work remotely because they want to stay safe from diseases, like coronavirus. They still do the same work, but at home. If they use technology, they can still interact with others. Also, I think that they might be used to working at home, so they are more productive. They can also work abroad, because they can use technology to work anywhere they want to. In addition, during the pandemic, people have to self-isolate if they have come in contact with someone that has tested positive, so they would have to work from home.

    b) How could this help get the best person for the job?
    I think that remote working could help get the best person for a job because the business knows if a person is able to do the job because they can create forms of certain employees' strengths online, and then they can pick which one is best for the job or position. I'm not too sure about his question so feel free to correct me if I'm wrong.

    c) Who might benefit from this?
    I think that everyone would benefit from remote working. This is because in the current pandemic, they are not coming into contact with anyone other than their family. They could be more productive because they are used to being in a certain environment and are more relaxed. They do not need to spend time commuting to an office, because they can start work earlier at home. In addition, they can get more time to spend with their family, not needing to go anywhere. Finally, they can work anywhere they want, so can still work even in another country!

    x) What might be the downside of not going into a workplace?
    One of the downsides of this is that you don't have that face-to-face contact with other people, and you can't ask for help instantly. It takes time to arrange calls where, if more than one person in it, and will take more time to get a response. In addition, you could be working in a different time zone which makes it even harder to arrange a call or meeting.

    y) Does everyone have what they need to work remotely? Is this fair?
    I think that not everyone has what they need to work remotely. They need to have a really good broadband, so they can easily access the internet. If they live in a remote area, such as the countryside, they will have poor internet access. I do not think this is fair because everyone should have the same tools to work. It can put others at a disadvantage and may fall behind in their work.

    z) Who might miss out?
    I think that certain employers may miss out, such as a shopkeeper, because they can't really work away from office as they have to sort out lots of their products in the shop. Also, pub and restaurant owners might miss out because they make things fresh at their premises to serve customers.

    Overall, I think that remote working produces more opportunities than problems. I have mentioned all of my reasons above. I think that remote working will be very good.
    Thanks for reading.

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  • Boutcher-logo-250x250.jpg gregarious_moon | Boutcher C of E Primary School B
    20 Nov 2020

    Hello,
    Gregarious_moon here!

    I am going to tell you what I think about robots replacing humans. I think this is a bad idea because humans need their own life and need to get a job to learn and grow. If robots take over than there will be place to work! In the future I predict that robots will get more efficient and become more capable. I must admit that robots are a very clever inventions and a helpful in many ways, but they are most helpful in factories. Jobs like putting tops on bottles quickly, putting objects together, rapping sweets up.

    If robots take over there will be less community love and kindness, for example: in the future if robots become postmen/women it would mean that we would never get to know our postmen/women and wouldn't be the same. There are lots of jobs that I would not like robots to do, teachers, chefs, drivers and more. The world wouldn't be the same if robots are roaming around the streets all the time! We live in a beautiful world for humans not for robots. However, I do believe that robots will help and support us we jobs in factories, but that is how I would like it to stay!

    Thank you for reading!

    Reply to this comment
    1. katie.jpg Katie @ the BNC
      gregarious_moon's comment 20 Nov 2020

      Well done, gregarious_moon! I have awarded you with a star for using your problem-solving skills to think about problems that robots might solve and problems they might cause.

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  • Boutcher-logo-250x250.jpg storytelling_king | Boutcher C of E Primary School A
    23 Nov 2020

    The gig economy will create opportunities as people will have more flexibility on when they want to work so they attend their job more often. A problem with the gig economy is that you may lose respect from some of your bosses if you spend more time in one workplace then another.
    Automation may cause a opportunity as things will become more quicker and efficient as robots serve it as they are made to. Another thing is that robots don't have to have sick pay as they don't get ill like a human. A problem with automation is that once we find out how to build a robot like a person, we'll become lazy as jobs like postmen, when you walk from house to house, are good exercise.
    Remote learning may create opportunities when people can keep working when need to be in for their children. It leaves there to be no excuse if you don't work at home as you did all day in lockdown. But remote learning also could be a bad thing as you can't always get the best person for the job as they may only wan't the job for money but if you are their in person. They might not have company too.

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  • Arnhem-Wharf-logo-250x250.jpg persistent_theory | Arnhem Wharf Primary School
    25 Nov 2020

    I think that the gig economy will create more problems because yeah sure there will be more flexibility but more people , like old and people with disability, might not have a better chance. With pay, you might not be paid because if you try to find someone to let you do your job they might not need you to do it. So then you do not get paid and then when you have your monthly salary you wont get a single penny.

    With automation it will create more problems and opportunities. Opportunities because robots don't need any breaks and don't need to be paid. They will also create problems because they will take over jobs that humans can do and make those people sad. Another problem is that humans are able to communicate more and don't need to be programmed to do what they do.

    Remote working will create more opportunities and problems, like automation. An opportunity is that you can have employees from all around the world. Another opportunity is that people who don't want to come to work on that day can still work from home and get to spend more time with their family. A problem is that poor people might not be able to get a laptop for remote working so they may lose their jobs since they can't work from home. One more problem is that if you are really good at your job and the company finds someone that is cheaper to employ and you lose your job.

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