Extreme weather is a global problem. Around the world, weather can change from sunny to windy and rainy at any moment. One thing we need to prioritise is global warming. This is some information to tell you about different types of extreme weather:
This crisis has changed the world as we know it. In other words, the amount of greenhouse gases we produce is incredible and that causes a huge amount of heat (like the planet Venus) to get trapped inside the atmosphere. The polar ice caps will (sooner or later) all melt and most of the world will have flooded - if we don’t solve this problem. To some people the future looks like Earth has robots that work for people, with flying cars, holograms and space holidays, but if global warming goes too far there may not be any people to make robots or flying cars or anything futuristic.
Weather conditions can directly contribute to the occurrence of wildfires through lightning strikes or indirectly by an extended dry spell or drought. Lightning strikes the earth over 100,000 times a day. 10 to 20% of these lightning strikes can cause fire. A wildfire (AKA forest or peat fire) is an uncontrolled fire. Wildfires often occur in wild, unpopulated areas, but they can occur anywhere and harm homes, agriculture, humans and animals in their path. 90% of all wildfires are started by humans.
Lightning is a giant discharge of electricity accompanied by a brilliant flash of light and a loud crack of thunder. Trees can often be destroyed by lightning strikes. When lightning hits a tree, it usually travels just below the tree's bark where there is a layer of sap and water. This layer becomes instantly heated and expands causing the bark to be blasted off the tree and sometimes splitting the wood. While the intensity of a lightning strike can make them appear as thick bolts across the sky, the actual width of a lightning bolt is only about 2-3 cm. The average length of a lightning bolt is about 2-3 miles. Lightning can give you brain damage if you get hit. Therefore, it is very dangerous.
As most people are well aware, the immediate impacts of flooding include loss of human life, damage to houses, destruction of crops, loss of livestock and deterioration of health conditions from waterborne diseases. Just six inches of fast moving floodwater is enough to knock you off your feet and two feet of water will easily sweep a car away. There are two basic types of floods: river floods, when water climbs above the edges of a river and covers a floodplain with water, and flash floods, when a large amount of water quickly sweeps over an area. In the UK five million people are vulnerable to flooding each year.
Severe drought conditions can negatively affect air quality. During a drought, there is an increased risk for wildfires and dust storms. A big reduction of water can lead to the drying out of wetland habitats. Animals are forced to migrate and droughts always leads to a loss of plant life - droughts are a very serious problem.
Floods - https://eden.uktv.co.uk/nature/earth/article/flood-facts/
Floods - https://www.chiefscientist.qld.gov.au/publications/understanding-floods/flood-consequences
Lightning - https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/6/flash-facts-about-lightning/
Lightning - https://churchillsc.co.uk/news/10-interesting-facts-lightning/
Forest fires - https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-about-wildfires
Global warming - https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/global-warming-overview/