What is extreme weather and how does it affect us?

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Extreme weather is a global problem. Around the world, weather can change from sunny to windy and rainy at any moment. One thing we need to prioritise is global warming. This is some information to tell you about different types of extreme weather:

Global warming:

This crisis has changed the world as we know it. In other words, the amount of greenhouse gases we produce is incredible and that causes a huge amount of heat (like the planet Venus) to get trapped inside the atmosphere. The polar ice caps will (sooner or later) all melt and most of the world will have flooded - if we don’t solve this problem. To some people the future looks like Earth has robots that work for people, with flying cars, holograms and space holidays, but if global warming goes too far there may not be any people to make robots or flying cars or anything futuristic.

Forest fires:

Weather conditions can directly contribute to the occurrence of wildfires through lightning strikes or indirectly by an extended dry spell or drought. Lightning strikes the earth over 100,000 times a day. 10 to 20% of these lightning strikes can cause fire. A wildfire (AKA forest or peat fire) is an uncontrolled fire. Wildfires often occur in wild, unpopulated areas, but they can occur anywhere and harm homes, agriculture, humans and animals in their path. 90% of all wildfires are started by humans.

Lightning:

Lightning is a giant discharge of electricity accompanied by a brilliant flash of light and a loud crack of thunder. Trees can often be destroyed by lightning strikes. When lightning hits a tree, it usually travels just below the tree's bark where there is a layer of sap and water. This layer becomes instantly heated and expands causing the bark to be blasted off the tree and sometimes splitting the wood. While the intensity of a lightning strike can make them appear as thick bolts across the sky, the actual width of a lightning bolt is only about 2-3 cm. The average length of a lightning bolt is about 2-3 miles. Lightning can give you brain damage if you get hit. Therefore, it is very dangerous.

Floods:

As most people are well aware, the immediate impacts of flooding include loss of human life, damage to houses, destruction of crops, loss of livestock and deterioration of health conditions from waterborne diseases. Just six inches of fast moving floodwater is enough to knock you off your feet and two feet of water will easily sweep a car away. There are two basic types of floods: river floods, when water climbs above the edges of a river and covers a floodplain with water, and flash floods, when a large amount of water quickly sweeps over an area. In the UK five million people are vulnerable to flooding each year.

Droughts:

Severe drought conditions can negatively affect air quality. During a drought, there is an increased risk for wildfires and dust storms. A big reduction of water can lead to the drying out of wetland habitats. Animals are forced to migrate and droughts always leads to a loss of plant life - droughts are a very serious problem.

Fact sources:

Floods - https://eden.uktv.co.uk/nature/earth/article/flood-facts/

Floods - https://www.chiefscientist.qld.gov.au/publications/understanding-floods/flood-consequences

Lightning - https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/6/flash-facts-about-lightning/

Lightning - https://churchillsc.co.uk/news/10-interesting-facts-lightning/

Forest fires - https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-about-wildfires

Global warming - https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/global-warming-overview/

Comments (11)

  • tom Tom @ the BNC
    11 May 2020

    Thank you for posting your sources. Try to add a question to posts too, so we all have something to talk about. What would you like to ask - add it in the comments!

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  • E Seymour volunteer pic (2).jpg EXPERT: Emma Seymour, Litigation and Dispute Resolution Trainee, Clifford Chance
    11 May 2020

    Thanks for this really interesting post Thankful Banana! You say that weather can change very suddenly around the world. Can you explain a bit more about why that can be a problem?

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png delightful_snow | Donholm Primary School | Kenya
    12 May 2020

    Extreme weather are bad weather which affects the world, countries, counties and areas.

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  • global-conversation.png delightful_snow | Donholm Primary School | Kenya
    12 May 2020

    In our country were suffering from floods.

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png jolly_chocolate | Sacred Heart School | Ghana
    12 May 2020

    I learnt in your post that extreme weather can affect us globally in many ways.

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png entrepreneurial_robin | Achimota Basic School | Ghana
    12 May 2020

    I understand your information and I would like to say thank you thankful_banana. But my question is how can we help people who have been affected by extreme weather.

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png intellectual_strategy | Irene Secondary School | Kenya
    12 May 2020

    Yes that's correct but I will simply add that extreme weathers are conditions or periods of time when normal weather changes to to be quite abnormal this is just according to my understanding because when we see word "extreme" then it means that something that isn't normal as usual.
    So it can affect us in so many ways. Things like earthquakes can really destroy the environment where we live by destroying the houses, land and many other things.

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png enigmatic_weasel | Riis Presbyterian Model School | Ghana
    14 May 2020

    The impacts of climate change include warming temperatures, changes in precipitation, increases in the frequency or intensity of some extreme weather events, and rising sea levels. These impacts threaten our health by affecting the food we eat, the water we drink, the air we breathe, and the weather we experience.

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png loving_writer | Irene Secondary School | Kenya
    14 May 2020

    Extreme weather is a weather event such as snow,rain, drought,flood or storm that's rare for places where it occurs. For example normal temperatures at the equator would consititute a heat wave if they occurred at the North pole.
    However, climate change is expected to worsen the frequency, intensity and impacts of some type of extreme events.Therefore this also has it's effect on human for example a warmer climate is expected to increase heat and poor air quality.Climate change will likely increase the frequency and strength of extreme events such as floods, drought and storm which threatens human health and safety. Thus extreme weather has significant impacts on human society as well as natural ecosystem.
    In addition, sometimes weather is extreme causing destruction and death. Too much hot weather for long period of time without any rain can cause drought. Huge storms with strong wings such as hurricanes can do a great amount of damage to buildings and crops.
    Moreover, there are two factors which causes more extreme weather that's rising temperatures and increased moisture in the atmosphere.This factors, as Earth's oceans grow warmer,they evaporates more moisture into the atmosphere about 4 percent thus this makes the chances for extreme weather that much greater. Thank you!

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  • Evelyn-Street-logo-250x250.jpg nice_leopard | Evelyn Street Primary School C
    19 May 2020

    I understand your informattion and I would like to say thank you thank you thankful Banian an but my question is how can we help people who have been affected extreme weather.

    Reply to this comment
  • Evelyn-Street-logo-250x250.jpg nice_leopard | Evelyn Street Primary School C
    19 May 2020

    Extreme weather are bad weather the countries and ares.

    Reply to this comment

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