Extreme Weather: An extreme (very strong) phenomenon, a global problem that may occur anywhere in the world.
It may come in the form of:
1- Hurricanes: Like Hurricane Juno, which occurred in the Sultanate of Oman in 2007.
2- Fires: Like the Australian fires in 2019.
3- Floods: similar to the floods that occurred in the African continent in Malawi in January 2015.
4- Droughts: similar to the droughts that occurred in southern Africa in 2015 and 2014.
5- Heat waves: Like the heat waves that occurred in the continent of Western Europe, during which the temperature reached 40 degrees Celsius.
Extreme weather may affect:
1- Infrastructure: Climatic changes that cause extreme weather negatively affect the infrastructure and cause many damages to roads, such as the occurrence of an imbalance and disruption in the movement of people and goods, which affects economic production, and also requires repairs, increasing maintenance and rehabilitation from time to time for this Roads to prevent their destruction in the coming decades.
2- Food Security and Marine Production:
Climatic changes affect food security greatly. High temperatures may lead to increased droughts and salinization of the soil, in addition to fluctuating rains and desertification. This negatively affects agricultural production, in addition to that climate changes affect fisheries and aquaculture, which may lead to the death of coral reefs that are considered The food of millions of fish, this also negatively affects marine production, especially fish, which are the basic nutrition for 3 billion people and at least 50% of animal protein and minerals to 400 million people from the poorest countries in the world.
This indicates that climate change is a threat to food security in the world.
3- Population density:
There are many factors that control population density, including climate change in areas with a temperate climate, fertile soil and rain. We see a large number of people in it. As for the other areas that suffered from drought due to the high temperature, we do not notice the presence of population density in it, and this leads the population to migrate to areas with a suitable climate for living, as this leads to an increase in population density in these areas, unlike the deserted areas.
People want to live in areas where rivers, springs, flowers, and seas are available. This leads to their migration from the hot desert areas to those areas. This increases the population density in the desired areas more than the desert areas.
Therefore, we must reduce human activities that help in climate change and the occurrence of extreme weather, because this is a global issue that threatens the lives of many people and all countries must confront it.
I'm going to ask you a question and hope you answer it in the comments to start a useful discussion.