How Does Extreme Weather Affect Food Supply

Extreme Weather Featured Image 7

A Hungry Population

How can you feed 7 billion people?

Since there should be enough food on earth to feed every living creature in the world, no one is supposed to go hungry. However, in some places, extreme weather ruined the livelihoods of the population living there, and so alongside destroyed the oppurtunities to fill their bellies. Here are some examples.


For some places, floods can be a fatal strike to the commuity and and the economic of the country. For examples, monsoons can be both friend and foe. Monsoons bring water to the crops the farmers had sowed, helping them grow into healthy, strong plants. On the other hand, Monsoons can sometimes bring serious floods (when it rained too much, at least more than the land can absorb) and drown the crops instesd of watering them, creating an inconvenience to travel and an emergency food shortage. The floods can also kill livestock.

An example in Parkistan. In 2010, the monsoon rains were heavier than usual. People worried there would be a devasting flood. And there was. The rivers began to swell dangerously. Then, it flooded, destroying homes and crops. Millions even had no access to safe drinking water or food. Many farmers were unable to plant the sprint wheat. In 2011, the following year, great monsoon rains brought disaster again. Different sources disagree on precise number, but approximately the flooding had affected between 5 and 10 people. It had ruined more than 2 million acres of crops, and over 112,000 livestock had drowned in the flood. And additionally 5 million animals were at risk. A lot of people was only left with individual livestock (which they carry on the shoulders or, for more fortunate people, their trucks.), or some, worse, only the clothes their was wearing (which would all be soaked.)

The event in Pakistan in 2010 and 2011 may indicate an alarming trend. Recent evidence suggests that the monsson nucleus, or center, may have shifted from India to Pakistan. Such a shift would bring a repeat of the heavy monsoon rains for at least 20 years.

imformation partly from 'National Geographic---Global Issues (Food Supply)


Droughts are the same disaster with floods, if not worse. During droughts, water would evaporate, the sun would be scorching hot, and no rains would come. People, crops, livestock could all die in droughts. Droughts can happen in anywhere without warning, and end just as suddenly as it comes. In fact, even in a desert heavy rain could fall and swamp a hage area, nourishing the few lives that live year-round in the desert, or the herds of zebras and buffaloes migrating into the flooded desert to enjoy the paradise of water. Droughts are harmful. People cannot find clean water(or even dirty water) for miles around, forcing them to come to the limits of their bodies and dig wells a few miles deep. However, people who failed to find water for their family, themselves, and their livestock would mostly die of thirst or starvation. Droughts can occur when a place's carbon emissions are too high. This result in global warming too.

Hurricanes (And Tornadoes)

Hurricanes and tornadoes are destructive too. They tear almost everything in their path, including the livestock, food, and population. People around the world have to endure this challenge for centuries, and centuries to come. The loss or the damage caused by these storms depend on how the country cope with them, and whether the country was rich or poor. Poor countries usually cannot afford too many expensive reinforces, whilst the rich ones can detect the storm forming earlier and build and plan reinforces or shelters to protect its people. However, if the plan is not successful, millions, or billions of lives can still be lost, so the most important part, in my opinion, is how the country or city cope with the storms.

by receptive_fish

P.S. If you can think of anymore, please comment!

Comments (4)

  • global-conversation.png content_engineer | Sacred Heart School | Ghana
    18 May 2020

    Food can be affected by extreme weather on transport,harvesting and others.When it comes transports,all is doomed because on road it would be risky to move due to the destruction of the unfortunate extreme weather event.When it comes to sea transport hurricanes can destroy the water ways and paths which can cause a ship to lose its path and hit a rock,and that leads to drowns.Tornadoes can also make air transport very hard.Lets imaging that a plane is trying to fly and the tornadoes face it what do you think will happen to the plane and its controllers or passengers?When it comes to harvesting issues tornadoes can make things worse by uprooting plants,and hurricanes can supply plants with water but that water would be much for the plant.This can also weaken a plant and harvest incomes becomes less.

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  • Boutcher-logo-250x250.jpg involved_watermelon | Boutcher C of E Primary School B
    19 May 2020

    Global warming affects agriculture in a number of ways, including through changes in average temperatures, rainfall, and climate extremes (e.g., heat waves); changes in pests and diseases; changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide and ground-level ozone concentrations; changes in the nutritional quality of some foods; and ...

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  • Boutcher-logo-250x250.jpg involved_watermelon | Boutcher C of E Primary School B
    19 May 2020

    Climate change can disrupt food availability, reduce access to food, and affect food quality. For example, projected increases in temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, changes in extreme weather events, and reductions in water availability may all result in reduced agricultural productivity.

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