Extreme Weather Events in Less Developed Countries

Extreme weather events have adverse impact on people's lives, properties, economy and so on. Extreme weather events has claimed a lot of lives, destroyed billion of properties and has also affected the economies of most countries. The impact of extreme weather events across the globe cannot be underestimated. A lot of people have became disabled either by losing their leg, hand or eye through extreme weather event.

Less developed countries are the most affected when it comes to extreme weather events. Their economy is not strong enough to deal with the adverse effect extreme weather events bring. Most of the times it becomes very difficult for them recover from the shock. Unemployment rises, people become prone to certain diseases, and the government also has to use it limited resources to take care of the affected people which impedes the growth of such countries.

Unemployment arises due to the fact that a lot of people lose their jobs as a result of the extreme weather events. The extreme weather event destroy their businesses and since their economy is not strong enough, it becomes difficult for them to extablish the businesses they lost. This therefore increases the unemployment rate in such countries which are not well developed.

Also people become susceptible to certain infectious diseases such as cholera. Since most developed countries live in slum areas, when extreme weather event such as hurricane or rainstorm hit that area leading to flooding, an outbreak of cholera or diarrhea normally occur which further claim a lot of lives.

In addition, the government of less developed countries have to use their limited resources to support the people affected by extreme weather events. They have to find a place for them to slave, provide food for them, give them incentives to support their businesses which have been affected. This money could have been used to construct roads, build hospitals, invested in agricultural and manufacturing sector. This slows the growth of such countries and not able to expand their economy.

This therefore becomes necessary for less developed countries to take the issue of extreme weather events serious. Since they are heavily affected by such disasters, they must ensure that the put in measures that can help mitigate or avoid such events which can be prevented. This will save them a lot of resources so that they can use it to expand their economy.

Thank You.

Comments (26)

  • Olivia-Avatar.jpg Olivia @ the BNC
    14 May 2020

    You have clearly explained what the problems and affects are. Well done! Some people think it's unfair that less-developed countries are more adversely affected, when it is the developed countries that contributed most to climate change, through industrialisation. They would argue that these more-developed countries should help the less-developed countries. To what extent do you agree?

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    1. global-conversation.png productive_harp | Mawela Secondary School | Tanzania
      Olivia @ the BNC's comment 15 May 2020

      In deed developed countries have to help less- develop countries in term of fund and environmental friendly investment in less develop countries. Also less develop countries should use their resources to take precautions toward extreme weather using their resources like constructing a good drainage system, restricting settlement along flood plain areas, afforestation.

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    2. global-conversation.png diligent_piccolo | Maryknoll Convent School | Hong Kong
      Olivia @ the BNC's comment 18 May 2020

      I think that to a certain extent, the developed or more developed countries have contributed more to the extreme weathers due to industrialisation, is right. Those countries should pick up the responsibility to help those countries in need, as they have kind of creating the problem. Less developed countries have less resources to deal with the extreme weather, but they are not the ones which contribute to the problem. I think that the countries which have taken more benefits from industrialisation should lend money to those countries who are affected without charging any interests.

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    3. global-conversation.png enigmatic_weasel | Riis Presbyterian Model School | Ghana
      Olivia @ the BNC's comment 19 May 2020

      It is true that some activities of developed countries contribute to some of these extreme weather events. For example, in developed countries they have a lot of industries and these industries release a lot of carbon emissions into the atmosphere. This increases global warming. However there are some extreme weather events such as hurricanes which is not necessarily caused by activities of developed countries. It is therefore not right to say that since most activities of developed countries contribute to extreme weather events, they should by all means support developed countries. In my view since they have the financial capacity, when there is extreme weather event in any less developed country and they can help, they should willingly support to reduce the impact since we are each other's keeper. We should not make it a force for them to support.

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  • global-conversation.png content_engineer | Sacred Heart School | Ghana
    14 May 2020

    Countries can help each other to reduce pressure.Some countries with high qualities can help the one's in need.

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    1. sarah.jpg EXPERT: Sarah C, Deal Advisory Manager @ KPMG
      content_engineer's comment 15 May 2020

      That's got me thinking. You said that countries with certain qualities can help those in need. Which qualities would you look for to identify which countries can help other countries?

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      1. global-conversation.png positive_lemon | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Sarah C, Deal Advisory Manager @ KPMG's comment 15 May 2020

        I can give you some of these characteristics. Countries with a strong and high economy must have a level of health in them that is very effective and able to provide assistance to the affected countries without blackmail. These are some of the characteristics that I know, maybe there are other characteristics that you can get.

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      2. global-conversation.png content_engineer | Sacred Heart School | Ghana
        Sarah C, Deal Advisory Manager @ KPMG's comment 16 May 2020

        Mostly economics,the country's can also be identified through good infrastructures and others.I think this two can help group countries.

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      3. global-conversation.png enigmatic_weasel | Riis Presbyterian Model School | Ghana
        Sarah C, Deal Advisory Manager @ KPMG's comment 19 May 2020

        Some of the qualities which one country may offer to another country in times of extreme weather events can be skilled labour. An example was when a lot of people were dying in Italy of corona virus, Cuban government sent some doctors to Italy to support them fight the disease. So countries with high skilled labour in a particular field of disaster or extreme weather events can be sent to help those countries who have been affected.

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  • global-conversation.png invigorated_chicken | Archdeacon Crowther Memorial Girl's School, Elelenwo | Nigeria
    14 May 2020

    The less developed country can borrow money from other countries and also ask for international aid

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    1. sarah.jpg EXPERT: Sarah C, Deal Advisory Manager @ KPMG
      invigorated_chicken's comment 15 May 2020

      That's an interesting solution. Can you tell me more about how countries can borrow money or apply for International Aid? For example, would they face any challenges doing this?

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      1. global-conversation.png positive_lemon | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Sarah C, Deal Advisory Manager @ KPMG's comment 15 May 2020

        I think that at the beginning of the problem, the state takes the necessary measures to solve the crisis, but if the problem and its damage are great, the state may be unable to solve it, especially if the country has a low economy or in other words poor as central African countries, so these countries resort to borrowing money from rich countries with a strong economy Like the United States of America, France and Britain, with very large interest rates at the expense of the local banks of the borrowing country, which will flood these countries with debts. When the state is not able to do anything to solve the crisis, the proportion of victims rises, it requests international assistance, or when international organizations and the United Nations consider the problem of this country, it helps them, and I believe that the affected countries face some challenges when borrowing money, such as debt and extortion that occurs from some governments and high benefits. And increase the proportion of taxes on the population and lower salaries and standard of living in it.

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      2. global-conversation.png invigorated_chicken | Archdeacon Crowther Memorial Girl's School, Elelenwo | Nigeria
        Sarah C, Deal Advisory Manager @ KPMG's comment 16 May 2020

        Yes they may face challenges in repaying the money but if they put in more effort they can pay the lent money back.Foreign aid is money that one country voluntarily transfers to another, which can take the form of a gift, a grant or a loan.if the country gives voluntarily to the needy there will not be any challenge

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  • global-conversation.png invigorated_chicken | Archdeacon Crowther Memorial Girl's School, Elelenwo | Nigeria
    14 May 2020

    The less developed country can borrow money from other countries and also ask for international aid

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  • global-conversation.png precious_fig | State M/A School | Ghana
    15 May 2020

    All countries must help the affected country if possible in times of trouble like this extreme weather.

    Immediate response is very necessary to put the situation under control ie saving lives and properties.

    On the other hand, long term response is also needed to prevent or reduce the tendency of any of the extreme weather conditions from happening in future.

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    1. mollymargiotta.jpg EXPERT: Molly Margiotta, Capital Markets Trainee @ Clifford Chance
      precious_fig's comment 19 May 2020

      Do you believe it is the responsibility of all countries around the world to help? Or do you think that only certain countries need to help - and if so which certain countries and why?

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      1. global-conversation.png positive_lemon | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Molly Margiotta, Capital Markets Trainee @ Clifford Chance's comment 20 May 2020

        A wonderful question, I think that there are crises that need the cooperation of all the world in solving them, such as global warming and the ozone hole, but extreme weather crises occur in separate regions or in different countries, for example, the countries of Central Africa, Kenya, Uganda, Nigeria and Ghana that are affected by droughts and extreme heat waves, so they are the most worthy countries to help from developed countries Because they are poor and developing countries and they have a budget deficit.

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  • global-conversation.png intellectual_strategy | Irene Secondary School | Kenya
    15 May 2020

    Exactly I agree with you that the developed countries should at least show concern to undeveloped countries to reduce effect of extreme weather.

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  • global-conversation.png intellectual_strategy | Irene Secondary School | Kenya
    15 May 2020

    Yes countries may borrow money from the well developed countries. But I think this money is borrowed in form of loan whereby you take it and use and then after a while you need to return this money. Now what if a certain country borrows money and use it but does not benefit from it or get any profits may be from it and the country that lent the money want it back I think this a gain may bring a terrible problem to the undeveloped country because again she has to find way of getting the money in order to pay back the loan. And may be the country will end up overtaxing the citizens which again is very bad.
    Thank you

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  • global-conversation.png intellectual_strategy | Irene Secondary School | Kenya
    15 May 2020

    I strongly agree with you. But I think the best way the developed countries can help the third world countries is just by providing them support without any payment. A country like China can be a very good example which has provided the Corona virus testing kits and face masks as well freely because it's a developed country.

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  • global-conversation.png intellectual_strategy | Irene Secondary School | Kenya
    15 May 2020

    What if this idea could not work then what do you think can be done after that?

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  • global-conversation.png intellectual_strategy | Irene Secondary School | Kenya
    15 May 2020

    Hello Mrs Sarah I may respond to your question by saying that we can identify the developed countries by looking at the qualities like the infrastructure of the country things like well developed roads which are tarmac can be a quality of a developed country, the technology of the country can also be a quality of the developed country. The technology can be how good cars are enrolled in the city of a particular country as well as how the country operates technologically like maybe it's using robots to do various tasks.
    A developed country as well can be identified by looking at the developments like good built social amenities like health facilities, schools and so on. And I think that's how I can identify that that country is developed and therefore can be in a position to help the undeveloped. Thanks

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  • global-conversation.png intellectual_strategy | Irene Secondary School | Kenya
    17 May 2020

    May be I will try to answer you by approaching it this way. That the well developed countries should help them at least to know how they can handle a particular situation by may giving them pieces of advice on how they may did in their country and this may be a little bit tricky to undeveloped countries because they may not have the resources but I think if they try to work with the advice given by the developed country it may work.

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    1. Hammond School logo loved_wildcat | Hammond Junior School F
      intellectual_strategy's comment 21 May 2020

      It might work but I’m not sure since nobody knows until it comes right? Besides remember even if these things happen there is always a solution or backstory!

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  • The Sherwood School productive_eel | The Sherwood School
    22 May 2020

    I agree with you because some countries doesn't have the money to deal with the disasters do you suggest that other countries that have money to spent give money to the countries in need. This treaty could be called the IAHEW the international act of help during extreme weather. This will help low developed countries

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