THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN RESPONDING TO AN EXTREME
HEALTH CARE EVENT AND EXTREME WEATHER.
Extreme weather has become one of the biggest threats the world is facing which are harmful to living things including plants, animals, and humans. Before I continue let define my key terms, which are extreme, responding, extreme health care event and extreme weather.
- Extreme: - is a condition when something or someone is in its utmost or highest degree, or a very high degree. It can also be when it is beyond the ordinary or average.
Responding: - is to do something as a reaction to someone or something. But there is a difference between reaction and responding (response) and that difference is that; reaction is typically quick, without much thought, tense and aggressive while a response is thought out, calm and non-threatening
Extreme health care event are the diseases that occur due to the extreme weather effects. Examples are:
- Heatwaves - which causes heatstroke, worsen asthma and etc.
- Flooding - causes cholera
- Wildfires - causes eye and respiratory tract irritation and to more serious disorders like reduced lung function, bronchitis and exacerbation of asthma and respiratory diseases and etc.
Extreme, or severe weather are used interchangeably to describe weather that causes harm to people and/or property. Extreme weather or extreme climate events includes unexpected, unusual, severe, or unseasonal weather; weather at the extremes of the historical distribution. Often, extreme events are based on a location's recorded weather history and defined as lying in the most unusual ten percent. Examples of extreme weathers include:
- Wild Fires;
- Tropical Storms; and
In my country, Nigeria, we suffer heatwaves, flooding, and desertification which has an impact on those people living there. During the hot season that is from March – June in Nigeria, heat waves do occur and the northern region is the ones mostly affected. This and desertification affect the northern part of the country, while flooding affects mostly the southern region. When these events happen, there are loss of jobs and properties, loss of lives, loss of valuable resources and causes of some diseases. Examples of these events are the 2012 flooding in Nigeria that affected 30 out of 36 states killing 363 people and 1.2million displaced. The 2002 heat waves that hit Maiduguri in the northeast killed about 60 people etc.
- Communities can do a lot of things if they work together with one another and with their community head to prevent or reduce the impact before it happens. Things that can be done include: clearing the gutters and making of new gutters which should be channeled properly to good water bodies, build houses with materials that make home cool, reduce cutting down and/or planting of trees, Build better flood defense and etc. With that, they will reduce their effects. Some of these precautions are already taking place in Nigeria and proving effect to some level.
- The government have responsibilities to preventing and responding to extreme weather like provide emergency health care to the injured, ask for international aid (help), send food to the affected area, give money to people who can’t work, lower your carbon emissions, Evacuate people from the affected area, etc.
- I would like this extreme weather event to be reduced because we have the ability to do so and other countries should cooperate to put an end to the factors causing this so that the next and future generations won’t suffer for our actions.