MY EXPERIENCE OF EXTREME WEATHER
What is extreme weather?
Extreme weather or extreme climate events includes unexpected, unusual, severe, or unseasonable weather that affect mankind, animals and properties.
(1) Heatwave: The impact of extreme weather here in Nigeria, Abuja to be specific is terrible, it led to high temperature which was uncomfortable for us to live in and carry out our daily activities.
The causes for the heatwave are combustion of car engines, burning of charcoal and woods all this causes of heatwave emit vicious carbon which deplete our ozone layer and cause ultraviolet rays to reach us directly.
The way to prevent it is by using clean source of energy for example: harnessing the wind, solar energy and geothermal energy, these sources of energy will help to stop carbon emissions to avoid the depletion of the ozone layers.
(2) Flooding: Some of the worst flooding in recent memory happened five years ago in March 2012 when 32 of Nigeria’s 36 states were affected, 24 severely. More than 360 people were killed and almost two million people were displaced.
The seriousness of the flooding was attributed to a combination of two events: very heavy local rainfall and the release of excess water from the Lagdo Dam in nearby Cameroon.
Although the degree and seriousness of flooding in Nigeria fluctuates, flooding remains a recurring phenomenon in most parts of the country. The first factor aggravating flooding is climate change, which has been shown to contribute to more extreme storms and rainfall. Another factor contributing to flooding in cities is that Nigeria has experienced rapid urban growth and planning is poor.
The problem of flooding is not peculiar to Nigeria alone. In 2007, floods affected 1.5 million people across several countries in Africa, including Uganda, Sudan, Kenya, Ghana, Ethiopia and Niger. Alluvial flooding is common for major rivers—such as Nile, Niger, Benue, Orange, Zambezi—in Africa. Major cities in Africa are also susceptible to fluvial flooding which occurs when excessive rainfall, over an extended period of time, causes rivers to overflow.
THE EFFECT OR IMPACT OF EXTREME WEATHER
According to IPCC (2011) estimates of annual losses have ranged since 1980 from a few billion to above US$200 billion (in 2010 dollars), with the highest value for 2005 (the year of Hurricane Katrina). The global weather-related disaster losses, such as loss of human lives, cultural heritage, and ecosystem services, are difficult to value and monetize, and thus they are poorly reflected in estimates of losses. Yet, recent abnormally intense storms, hurricanes, floods, heatwaves, droughts and associated large-scale wildfires have led to unprecedented negative ecological consequences for tropical forests and coral reefs around the world.
STATISTICS OF FLOOD
(1). Around 5 million people live in flood risk areas in England and wales.
(2). Flash floods can bring walls of water from 10 to 20 feet high.
(3). Only 41%(276,000) of people eligible for free flood warnings are registered to receive them
HOW I THINK COMMUNITIES SHOULD COMBAT EXTREME WEATHER
Heatwave and flooding has been the major extreme weather in my country, I think the way communities should combat extreme weather is by:
(1). Using clean source of energy for example solar energy, geothermal energy e.tc
(2). Reduce or stop carbon emissions
(3). Building flood defense system
PREVENTION OF HEATWAVE AND FLOOD
Flood can be prevented by the followings:
(1). Building good drainages
(2). Introducing better flood warning system
(3). Constructing buildings above flood level
Heatwave can be prevented by the followings:
(1). Using clean source of energy for example solar energy, geothermal energy etc.
(2). Reduce or stop carbon emissions
HOW GOVERNMENT SHOULD ACT
The government should build proper drainage systems and should also focus on both the preventive and reactive methods, although they might face some challenges like the people in the community refusing to comply with them, but they should still try their best.
MY VISION FOR THE FUTURE
In years to come, i will like to see the government tackling extreme weather and providing clean sources of energy.
Thanks for reading.