The effects of illegal mining on our water bodies and forests

Illegal mining is a type of mining that is done without authorization. Because it is done without an authority, care of the environment is not taken into consideration .

The people who undertake this type of activities are villagers ,unemployed and illegal immigrants. In the olden, days shovels, hoes and pickaxes were the tools that were commonly used. Presently, sophisticated tools like bulldozers, excavators and other implements are used. The combination of tools, lack of authorisation and the calibre of people involved make it possible for the environment not to be taken into consideration leading to the total destruction of our river bodies and forests.

Fishes,life and fauna can no longer get their natural habitats. Water bodies are destroyed leading to our sources of water also compromised. Endangered species of trees, animals, birds and their like are all becoming extinct. Rainfall pattern has changed. Floods and high temperatures has become the order of the day. This brings on its heels climate change.

The overall effect is that illegal mining leads to pollution of these bodies and affect negatively on humankind.

Comments (14)

  • Tiff-Avatar.jpg Tiff @ the BNC
    26 Apr 2021

    Thanks for your post. You bring up a very interesting discussion about the impact of mining, especially illegal mining, on the environment.

    When you pick out certain groups of people and link them to negative actions like illegal mining, this might make people think all people in these groups are doing negative things. We should be careful not to enforce stereotypes.

    Why do you think people who are living in difficult situations might turn to illegal mining? Are there ways to support these people so they have other options?

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    1. global-conversation.png supportive_earth | Adabraka Presbyterian Basic School | Ghana
      Tiff @ the BNC's comment 27 Apr 2021

      People living in difficult situations would not won't to remain those situations. This may direct their thoughts to illegal mining or other unscrouplous act as the only ways for lifting themselves from difficult

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  • global-conversation.png supportive_earth | Adabraka Presbyterian Basic School | Ghana
    26 Apr 2021

    Hello, this is supportive_earth from Ghana and l will like to present my opinion on the big question.
    The issue of illegal mining in my country (Ghana) is a very disturbing issue which has worryed us for many decades. It has caused a lot of problems in terms of the well being and the safety of Ghanaians. As part of this course, l believe that the " building back greener" campaign can bring out ideas and profound insight which can help resolve the problem at stake. One of the inscentive methods that can be used to resolve this problem is to support greener businesses. Green businesses, or sustainable businesses, embraces sustainable operating procedures, product and material sourcing, labour pratices and shipping methods. The goal of green businesses is to eliminate any negative impact on the environment, on both a local and global scale. So supporting green business will entice the youth and other non-employed staff to involve themselves in it which will in turn cover up illegal mining.It will entince the youth and other non-employed staff because, green businesses focus on eliminating any negative impact on the environment whiles illegal mining deteriorates the environment.

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  • global-conversation.png freespirited_potato | Adabraka Presbyterian Basic School | Ghana
    27 Apr 2021

    People who have turned to mining are doing that because they have been employed to do so and others on the other hand do that because illiteracy.
    I think they must be properly educated on the need to conserve and preserve our waterbodies

    Reply to this comment
    1. Olivia-Avatar.jpg Olivia @ the BNC
      freespirited_potato's comment 27 Apr 2021

      What would the consequences be? And would the benefits outweigh the negatives?

      Reply to this comment
      1. global-conversation.png supportive_earth | Adabraka Presbyterian Basic School | Ghana
        Olivia @ the BNC's comment 29 Apr 2021

        In Ghana ,Illegal mining (galamsey) is known to cause significant environmental pollution; the chemical used and the waste heaps are a source of long term contamination of soil and water bodies. The thrust of this study was to assess the impact of illegal mining operations on the soil and water bodies at four 4 selected communities (Esaase-Manhyia, Aboabo, Mpatuam and Tetrem) in Bontefufuo in the Amansie West District of Ghana. Three 100m × 100m plots were demarcated at each galamsey site in each community. The extent of environmental damage was assessed in respect of numbers of pits and heaped laterite per plot, area of pits and heaped laterite identified on plots and amount of ore washed. Level of pollution of streams in the study area were also analysed. Large pits were dug and had all their streams polluted to a certain degree. There was a statistical significant difference (p = 0.000) between the mean radii of pits dug in the different communities. Furthermore, many heaps of stockpiles were found at Tetrem as compared to the other mining sites. The radii of the heaped laterite differed statistically (p = 0.021) between the communities. Large quantities of ore were washed daily in the communities and were statistically different (p = 0.001) turbidity. In summary mining has a negative impact on the environment including erosion, formation of sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, contamination of soil-ground water and surface water. Naturally, the negative of effects of illegal mining outweigh the positive effects and therefore illegal mining should be stopped.

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  • global-conversation.png centered_synthesizer | Kfarhatta Secondary Public School | Lebanon
    28 Apr 2021

    Invest in green transport because of its profound effects on sustainability, health, economics and quality of life especially in Lebanon. This improving public transport instead of using individual transport vehicles can solve many problems all at the same time.

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    1. Tiff-Avatar.jpg Tiff @ the BNC
      centered_synthesizer's comment 28 Apr 2021

      Good job for focusing on problem-solving. Can you explain what green transport is?

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      1. global-conversation.png centered_synthesizer | Kfarhatta Secondary Public School | Lebanon
        Tiff @ the BNC's comment 28 Apr 2021

        Green transport is healthy as it helps people use eco friendly means of transportation such as riding the bicycles to move in rural areas instead of the cars. Like in my village kfarhatta, in stead of moving inside the village using cars we can ride bicycles and in this way we get more and more healthier.

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      2. global-conversation.png supportive_earth | Adabraka Presbyterian Basic School | Ghana
        Tiff @ the BNC's comment 28 Apr 2021

        With my understanding, Green Transportation or Sustainable Transportation comprises of those modes or variations of transportation that do not depend on diminishing natural resources like fossil fuels. These transportation modes mostly rely on renewable energy sources.

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  • Michael-Faraday-logo-250x250.jpg decisive_redcurrant | Michael Faraday School
    29 Apr 2021

    I think that we should invest in green energy because the more power we generate from renewable sources in the UK, the less we have to rely on importing energy from abroad, or worry about the price volatility of fossil fuels. Environmental impact – renewable energy means less pollution, less CO2 and less harm to the planet.

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  • global-conversation.png supportive_earth | Adabraka Presbyterian Basic School | Ghana
    29 Apr 2021

    Being green requires developing an attitude toward sustainability and practices that can be incorporated into our everyday lives. Being a green business means changing the way a business purchases, develops, produces, and provides products and services so it has a positive impact on the environment. Think of the planet as a warehouse of goods. When you use the goods, you have to pay for them with money or fair trade. When you use the environment’s resources, you have to pay the environment back to offset your consumption.

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  • global-conversation.png gentle_fact | Dawhyenya Methodist Basic School B | Ghana
    27 May 2021

    Wow! This is a great discussion!
    Illegal mining is mostly done in Ghana, Illegal mining has a great impact on our environment, because climate change can seriously affect illegal mining site.
    We need to play a role in preventing illegal mining.

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