Illegal mining is a type of mining that is done without authorization. Because it is done without an authority, care of the environment is not taken into consideration .
The people who undertake this type of activities are villagers ,unemployed and illegal immigrants. In the olden, days shovels, hoes and pickaxes were the tools that were commonly used. Presently, sophisticated tools like bulldozers, excavators and other implements are used. The combination of tools, lack of authorisation and the calibre of people involved make it possible for the environment not to be taken into consideration leading to the total destruction of our river bodies and forests.
Fishes,life and fauna can no longer get their natural habitats. Water bodies are destroyed leading to our sources of water also compromised. Endangered species of trees, animals, birds and their like are all becoming extinct. Rainfall pattern has changed. Floods and high temperatures has become the order of the day. This brings on its heels climate change.
The overall effect is that illegal mining leads to pollution of these bodies and affect negatively on humankind.