What is waste
It is difficult to define what the waste is. What is left over for some people is valuable for others. The American people leave 4.5 pounds (2.05 kilograms) of waste daily per person, 55 percent of which is household garbage.
And waste management means to control the collection, treatment and disposal of waste. Its aim is to reduce the negative impact of waste on the environment and society.
Industry development and advancement has led to more by-products, whether in the form of gases, solid wastes, liquids, or semi-solids, which are dumped into water, air, or on land.
It is also known that raw materials are transformed into full or semi-finished industrial products. When these by-products do not find a measure of economic benefit, they are thrown into the ground, water or air.
The health risks of waste
One of the most important waste that pollutes a person or his environment is industrial waste, especially if it was not treated before dumping it outside the factories. When waste is dumped near the factory without movement, the winds carry the gases leaving it and perhaps parts of it to far away places. Among these gases are what are toxic and can affect health. Humanity.
The accumulation of waste, whether domestic, industrial or commercial, without treatment or final disposal leads to the formation of a source of danger that threatens the health of the people, as the piles of garbage encourage the proliferation of bacteria, germs, viruses and rodents, which leads to the spread of diseases and the spread of deadly epidemics. Unless the waste is completely isolated from the human food cycle and treated to stop the multiplication of bacteria.
Harms of waste on the enviroment
And oils, and others to the emission of toxic and polluting gases in the air, such as methane, which is a greenhouse gas that causes the erosion of the ozone layer, and the occurrence of global warming, and the burning of plastic materials and papers contributes to the spread of gases harmful to the environment, which may lead to Exacerbation of diseases And a danger to soil, groundwater and surface water.
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