How can waste be harmful to the environment?

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What is waste

It is difficult to define what the waste is. What is left over for some people is valuable for others. The American people leave 4.5 pounds (2.05 kilograms) of waste daily per person, 55 percent of which is household garbage.

And waste management means to control the collection, treatment and disposal of waste. Its aim is to reduce the negative impact of waste on the environment and society.

Industry development and advancement has led to more by-products, whether in the form of gases, solid wastes, liquids, or semi-solids, which are dumped into water, air, or on land.

It is also known that raw materials are transformed into full or semi-finished industrial products. When these by-products do not find a measure of economic benefit, they are thrown into the ground, water or air.

The health risks of waste

One of the most important waste that pollutes a person or his environment is industrial waste, especially if it was not treated before dumping it outside the factories. When waste is dumped near the factory without movement, the winds carry the gases leaving it and perhaps parts of it to far away places. Among these gases are what are toxic and can affect health. Humanity.

The accumulation of waste, whether domestic, industrial or commercial, without treatment or final disposal leads to the formation of a source of danger that threatens the health of the people, as the piles of garbage encourage the proliferation of bacteria, germs, viruses and rodents, which leads to the spread of diseases and the spread of deadly epidemics. Unless the waste is completely isolated from the human food cycle and treated to stop the multiplication of bacteria.

Harms of waste on the enviroment

And oils, and others to the emission of toxic and polluting gases in the air, such as methane, which is a greenhouse gas that causes the erosion of the ozone layer, and the occurrence of global warming, and the burning of plastic materials and papers contributes to the spread of gases harmful to the environment, which may lead to Exacerbation of diseases And a danger to soil, groundwater and surface water.

I got my information through books, reading articles, and reading various topics on BNC

Comments (45)

  • global-conversation.png enigmatic_technology | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    28 Apr 2021

    Factories are a major factor in climate change, also, these factories throw their waste into water like seas, the danger is in all directions, now the world is destroying itself by itself.

    Reply to this comment
    1. global-conversation.png focused_river | Jabalia Prep C School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
      enigmatic_technology's comment 28 Apr 2021

      Yes, and if we do not take solutions quickly, that will be the end.
      Often the world realizes the matter after it is too late!

      Reply to this comment
      1. global-conversation.png enigmatic_technology | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        focused_river's comment 28 Apr 2021

        "Often the world realizes the matter after it is too late!"
        This is the problem.

        Reply to this comment
        1. Lyons Hall Primary School exhilarated_maths | Lyons Hall Primary School A
          enigmatic_technology's comment 04 May 2021

          Yes I agree with you because people will do things and not think about their actions until it is too late or extremely hard to change and get everyone doing the same thing because that is what the world is use too. We could resolve this by recycling more, not dumping our rubbish where we want, stop littering and reusing things like plastic shopping bags and water bottles. Then the world will be a better place.

          Reply to this comment
    2. avatar.jpg EXPERT: Melinda Jones @ Hogan Lovells
      enigmatic_technology's comment 29 Apr 2021

      A good point enigmatic_technology. How do you think factories could get rid of their waste in a more eco friendly way?

      Reply to this comment
      1. global-conversation.png enigmatic_technology | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Melinda Jones @ Hogan Lovells's comment 29 Apr 2021

        Factories can dispose of their waste by giving it to farmers and farmers and converting it into natural soil compost, and they can also recycle it, there are many ways to recycle factory waste, for example turning plastic into a mat.

        Reply to this comment
      2. global-conversation.png focused_river | Jabalia Prep C School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Melinda Jones @ Hogan Lovells's comment 29 Apr 2021

        Good question, I think that it should convert it into energy and exploit it as many countries like Japan, China and Sweden do, and it can recycle some of them and reuse some of them.

        Reply to this comment
      3. global-conversation.png genius_fruit | Gaza Prep B Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Melinda Jones @ Hogan Lovells's comment 01 May 2021

        I think that factories can use a device that helps convert polluting gas to them with oxygen, so we can take advantage of their harmful gas to use it for breathing.

        Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png open_knowledge | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    30 Apr 2021

    You mentioned that waste is a reason for the spread of diseases and epidemics
    So far, the actual and real cause of the existence of the Corona virus has not been confirmed
    Do you think that garbage and pollution may be the cause of the Corona pandemic ??

    Reply to this comment
    1. Harriet-Website_1000x1000.jpg harrietboland@economist.com | None
      open_knowledge's comment 30 Apr 2021

      Scientists think that the coronavirus originated at an animal market in the city of Wuhan in China, where it was transferred to a person. You can read more about that here: https://www.bbc.co.uk/newsround/51877454

      Reply to this comment
    2. global-conversation.png capable_keyboard | Green Hill Academy Kibuli | Uganda
      open_knowledge's comment 03 May 2021

      Ummmm 🀣🀣🀣🀣 funny thing about that is back in January 2020 I thought that Covid19 was originally a computer virus which was from a failed experiment( I mean, like Covid19 literally sounds like an Error 19 sort of thing) and then it just bailed the computer and it combined with Influenza and started to spread to humans. During November of the same year,I heard scientists say that Covid19 came from a bat bite in Wuhan. So I have learnt a lot, one year ago I thought something as crazy as that but now I know better, AND LOOK AT ME NOW. I'M A DEVELOPED CHARACTER 😁😁😁😁.

      Reply to this comment
      1. tom Tom @ the BNC
        capable_keyboard's comment 04 May 2021

        It most certainly is a real virus and I'm glad you have learnt that.

        Reply to this comment
      2. Bruntcliffe-logo-250x250.jpg astounding_idea | Bruntcliffe Academy
        capable_keyboard's comment 05 May 2021

        I'm glad you're a developed character, I'm sure now you're a well rounded and well informed individual.

        Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png observant_sparrow | School College Pilote Sousse | Tunisia
    30 Apr 2021

    Hazardous waste must be placed in sorting bins, brought to recycling centers or stores
    cells and batteries: if they are discarded without precaution, they can release many dangerous compounds into the environment: acid, lead, lithium, mercury, etc. They can be recycled efficiently, which allows the recovery of many materials. Watch out for batteries hidden in small gadgets that make music or light up (musical birthday cards, for example). They should not be thrown in the trash! ;
    Low consumption lamps (LBCs) and LEDs: LBCs contain mercury and LEDs contain electronic compounds. Put in sorting bins, these lamps will be recycled;
    the electrical and electronic devices in our homes: refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners contain refrigerant gases which are powerful greenhouse gases. Cathode ray tube televisions contain heavy metals. Computer and multimedia equipment contains pollutants: arsenic in diodes, bromine flame retardants in screen casings, heavy metals in electronic cards, etc.
    strippers, paints, solvents: never throw them in the trash or in the sewerage network;
    car used oil: they are very harmful to the environment. They can be regenerated;
    asbestos waste: asbestos is not directly dangerous, but when it breaks down (by crumbling or transforming the asbestos product), it releases microscopic fibers which remain in suspension in the ambient air. When inhaled, they can reach the alveoli of the lungs and cause serious illness. Its use has been banned in France since January 1, 1997;
    pesticides (weedkillers, fertilizers, insecticides, rat poison, etc.): their toxicity for humans can be serious in the event of accidental absorption, strong inhalation or contact with the skin. Unused products must be brought to the recycling center and never left in the natural environment;
    Medicines contain active chemicals and can be dangerous if thrown into the sewage system or into nature. Whether or not they are expired, they should be returned to the pharmacy;
    x-rays contain silver salts and should not be disposed of in the household garbage. They must be brought to a recycling center or to the pharmacy.

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png vibrant_insect | Salfit High Basic Boys School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    01 May 2021

    In this article, I will talk about two topics: how waste is harmful to the environment, and also how to make waste environmentally friendly. First: Waste is a troublesome and polluting source for the environment, how? For example, there is a shortage of land designated for agriculture as a result of using the area as a dumping ground for solid or plastic waste, and thus this area is closed due to the toxins emitted from the waste and its health damages, as well as the burning of the waste results in unpleasant odors and harmful insects. As for the climate, when waste is dumped onto surface water, it takes years for the waste to decompose, thus polluting the water and deforming the picturesque landscape. Second: How do we benefit from waste in the environment? 1- Recycling and utilizing solid waste. 2- Analysis of organic materials and their use in agriculture. 3- Avoiding burning exhaust and waste resulting from fuel and poisoning, and replacing it by means of recycling or drilling for many years until it decomposes. One of the benefits of recycling waste is that it reduces the demand for raw materials. It also reduces the waste disposal process by burying it in landfills or burning it, and thus helps reduce pollution and preserve the environment. I hope you like it.

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  • global-conversation.png genius_fruit | Gaza Prep B Girls School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    01 May 2021

    I think that factories can use a device that helps convert polluting gas to them with oxygen, so we can take advantage of their harmful gas to use it for breathing.

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png nice_desert | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    01 May 2021

    Do you think it is possible to create a world without waste and the world does not have an environmental awareness of it? Or even world leaders are not thinking about making awareness campaigns about that?

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png friendly_bell | Parbati Ma Vi. | Nepal
    02 May 2021

    I think an effective method of waste management is '3R'technology i.e reduce,reuse,recycle and all people must concentrate on this.

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png focused_tiger | Kushadevi Ma Vi | Nepal
    04 May 2021

    they are the one of the reasons of pollution of our environment. this can cause various harmful effect to the environment like depletion of ecosystems, decrease in the quality of components of environment, making life difficult for organisms, etc.

    Reply to this comment
  • Lyons Hall Primary School impartial_leaf | Lyons Hall Primary School A
    04 May 2021

    After the first lockdown ended, pollution levels started to rise this is concerning because it shows how bad we are effecting the environment and the pressure we are putting on it

    Reply to this comment
  • Lyons Hall Primary School open_meerkat | Lyons Hall Primary School A
    04 May 2021

    covid has helped stop climate change because we stoped driving cars so the carbon emisions in the air started to stop and also we started to stop useing plastic more often.

    Reply to this comment
  • Lyons Hall Primary School miraculous_orca | Lyons Hall Primary School A
    04 May 2021

    There is so much waste in the world that is just dumped and left in are oceans. I read that a lot of e-waste is just jumped only like 20% is not jumped.

    Reply to this comment
  • Lyons Hall Primary School straightforward_trumpet | Lyons Hall Primary School A
    04 May 2021

    I definately think that factories have a big impact, but I also think that covid has almost saved the world in a way, as we aren't using transport as much as we would be so there isn't as much air pollution. Planes need extra fuel in case their landing doesn't go well or if they have to change route because of other planes, and this extra fuel can cause fires if there is any left so the piolets dump them in the sea halfway through and the ban on air travel has definately affected the world in a good way in that case.

    Reply to this comment
  • Lyons Hall Primary School freespirited_cockatoo | Lyons Hall Primary School A
    04 May 2021

    I think we should use less plastic and more things that won't hurt the environment. We need to recycle more rather than just throwing our rubbish anywhere we want. We could try to use more reusable water bottles and shopping bags. This will reduce the plastic we are using.

    Reply to this comment
    1. avatar.jpg EXPERT: Lydia Robinson Trainee @ Clifford Chance
      freespirited_cockatoo's comment 06 May 2021

      These are good ideas freespirited_cockatoo! Can you think of anything other type of waste we could reduce other than plastic waste?

      Reply to this comment
      1. global-conversation.png open_knowledge | Beit Hanoun Prep Girls A School | Occupied Palestinian Territory
        Lydia Robinson Trainee @ Clifford Chance's comment 07 May 2021

        1- Gas waste
        Products from cars and factories and burning fossil fuels can be reduced by placing air filters in factories and their chimneys.
        Instantly purifies the air from greenhouse gases
        2. Liquid wastes or wastewater
        It is polluted water. Specific mechanisms and advanced methods of water purification can be used, and then used as a means of generating electricity with sophisticated machines. Thus, we support green work and reduce fossil fuels.
        I will not say that we purify this water and then use it to drink, because the human soul will remain rejected and annoyed, even though it is pure water, so instead of drinking it it can be used in the previous way.
        4. Organic waste that is degradable, and we can say that it is green waste that comes from a plant or animal, and I think it is the least harmful to the environment.
        And the large number of types of waste makes it necessary for us to reduce them to protect the environment and reduce climate change and pollution.

        Reply to this comment
  • Lyons Hall Primary School ineffable_bilberry | Lyons Hall Primary School A
    04 May 2021

    I agree. I definately think we should use less gasses and oils, we could do this by cycling or walking to school instead of driving, this would also benefit us and help us keep fit. Although, this can be hard in some cases as some people live further away and cant walk or cycle as they won't get there in time however, i think as a team the whole world could think of a solution and maybe even invent something like a car that wouldn't use petrol/gas. I also think we should use less plastic and more recyclable materials such as cardboard however this may be hard in some occasions. Example: bottles of water need plastic and you cant make a bottle out of cardboard as it would leak, this is where i think we should step in and try to use more reusable things instead of waste that can't be recycled and is thrown into the sea which leads to animals being harmed and maybe even death.

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  • Lyons Hall Primary School giving_tamarind | Lyons Hall Primary School A
    04 May 2021

    PLASTIC IS HARMFUL TO ANY ANIMAL FROM AROUND THE WORLD
    There are many problems with plastic pollution. It can occur anywhere in the world. It can especially hurt but more than likely kill animals if they come across plastic of any sort in their habitat. There is a plastic heap in the ocean that is as big as Mexico. That could be very harmful and kill sea animals.

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  • Upton-Cross-logo-250x250.jpg spectacular_language | Upton Cross Primary School
    04 May 2021

    I totally agree with you...

    Reply to this comment
  • Michael-Faraday-logo-250x250.jpg decisive_redcurrant | Michael Faraday School
    05 May 2021

    Waste is a things that we can all agree on that were not good at according to scientist "Unfortunately, when fossil fuels are burned, they release lots of greenhouse gases, like carbon dioxide. That perfect balance was ruined. Too much greenhouse gas causes problems – it adds another layer to the 'blanket', trapping more heat. This causes the Earth to get hotter, and this is called global warming"
    In the country that i live in which is the UK, "Weighing up to 269,000 tonnes. 100,000 marine mammals and turtles and 1 million sea birds are killed by marine plastic pollution annually. Approx 5,000 items of marine plastic pollution have been found per mile of beach in the UK".
    I think that our government arent really doing anythings to prevent this only that they've banned plastc straws and a few more. according to scientist "Following a consultation exercise in October 2018, the UK Government made regulations to ban the sale of plastic straws, cotton buds and stirrers, subject to certain exemptions, which came into force in England in October 2020. A ban on plastic cotton buds has been in place in Scotland since October 2019." do you agree wiht what they'v done??

    Reply to this comment
  • Manor Park logo meticulous_chocolate | Manor Park Primary Academy
    06 May 2021

    Fishing is dangerous too as many animals are now currently under threat of extinction, this could greatly damage the Eco system of the world, fishing nets are currently a great danger as animals could get stuck in them , or think they are food and eat it.

    Reply to this comment
  • Manor Park logo cultured_seagull | Manor Park Primary Academy
    06 May 2021

    I agree that the waste is horrible for the environment as well.We should create more bins/trash cans so that we do not waste and will never waste in the world.Especially all of the water produced in the ocean and on the beach.I did not know that people throw away that many trash in the world and all over the place/globe.

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png imaginative_world | Rafah Prep Girls B | Occupied Palestinian Territory
    06 May 2021

    good morning,

    I, as a Palestinian citizen, have realized that COVID-19 has not only had good impacts on the environment, but also bad ones. COVID-19 has reduced the rate of both air pollution and deforestation through the lockdown.
    But still, it has now proved to be a danger to the environment. For the first months of lockdown, the rate of improper waste disposal reduced. But, as the demand for masks, gloves and other plastics increased, so did the rate of waste disposal. As we all know, masks and gloves are non-biodegradable materials and they spoil the chemical structure and composition of soil.
    As time went, people begun ignoring the lockdown more and more. They had stopped taking it seriously since the death rate had reduced. This led to increased usage of cars and public transport and therefore, the air pollution rate has gone back to its original state before the lockdown and is slowly becoming even worse. Also, most people who live in rural areas depend on wood fuel to do most things like cooking so these people have cut down trees to get charcoal and firewood.
    According to me, another lockdown should be imposed to control the rising levels of environmental degradation.
    As for the excessive use of wood fuel, the government should provide electricity in rural areas. In that way, people will use electricity for cooking instead of wood fuel and therefore, there will be less deforestation

    Reply to this comment
  • Cyfarthfa Park Primary logo miraculous_saxophone | Cyfarthfa Park Primary A
    07 May 2021

    Hi,

    I think that wasted food and plastic is bad for the environment because people can throw plastic away on the street and that is littering. When plastic gets into the sea, fish and sea creatures can get stuck in plastic bottles. The images of litter found in the sea over a year ago was astonishing! How can people do that to innocent animals?

    Recently there were shocking images in Cardiff and Swansea, where hundreds of people fled to the beaches and due to limited bins just left their rubbish there! The council spent over 2 and a half hours cleaning up.

    However, on the flip side, now people are out and about the council need to be on the ball with emptying bins more regularly.

    You will have sensible people who will take rubbish home with them but unfortunately not everyone is like that.

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png hardworking_truth | Usra Academy | Nigeria
    07 May 2021

    factories are one of the main things that causes climate change because it uses fossil fuel to power it so to help build back greener factories need to stop using fossil fuel and begin using hydroelectricity or wind mills to power their machine.

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png hardworking_truth | Usra Academy | Nigeria
    07 May 2021

    waste are bad for the environment because it affect the soil and when dumped on water it kills aquatic animals, so we have to reduce the waste thrown everywhere to reduce the loss of aquatic animals.

    Reply to this comment
  • Weston-Favell-logo-250x250.jpg approachable_skill | Weston Favell Academy
    07 May 2021

    The reason waste is harmful is because plastic for instance is harmful for global warming and kills animals and affects the centre of the Earth

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png comfortable_signature | New Tafo M/A (CRIG) JHS | Ghana
    07 May 2021

    I agree with u enigmatic_technology but not only are the factories polluting water bodies. But they are also polluting the air through the harmful gases that comes out of the factories and these harmful gases are also affecting climate change.

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png comfortable_signature | New Tafo M/A (CRIG) JHS | Ghana
    07 May 2021

    Waste is harmful to the environment because when waste is dumped any where especially near gutters,when there is a rainfall the waste will definitely be washed away by the rain into the gutters and this will lead to choked gutters. And choked gutters don't allows water to flow which can also lead to flooding and the breed of mosquitoes.

    Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png stupendous_fruit | New Tafo M/A (CRIG) JHS | Ghana
    08 May 2021

    Waste can really be harmful to the environment because:

    1.Waste like plastic rubbers-
    Waste like plastic rubbers take a long time to decompose,sometimes it takes a century to decompose. When this happens,it destroys the soil's fertility. Which becomes a danger to agriculture

    2.Poor farming practices- Here In Ghana some people don't do good farming practices.An example is bush burning. If we burn the bush and the gasses goes into the atmosphere and destroy the ozone layer it leads to global warming. Also,when farmers practice continuous farming. It will lead to destroying of the soil's fertility.
    3. When people deforestate-Deforestation refers to the indiscriminate felling of trees from the forest. If we keep doing deforestation without practicing afforestation it can lead to land degradation. Also humans need oxygen so if we keep on felling these trees down we are causing problems to ourselves.

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  • global-conversation.png friendly_globe | New Tafo M/A (CRIG) JHS | Ghana
    08 May 2021

    Waste is harmful because the meaning is even clear: waste is substance that needs to be eliminated or discarded as no longer useful or required after the completion of a process.

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  • global-conversation.png accurate_squid | New Tafo M/A (CRIG) JHS | Ghana
    08 May 2021

    Plastic waste poses serious environmental danger to human and animal health. If plastic bags are not properly disposed of, they can impact the environment by causing littering and storm drain blockages. Plastics waste are now everywhere in the marine waters and this hinders the development of the country as trapped shoreline plastic has a negative effect on shipping infrastructure, energy production, fishing, and aquaculture.

    Reply to this comment
    1. mollymargiotta.jpg EXPERT: Molly Margiotta, Capital Markets Trainee @ Clifford Chance
      accurate_squid's comment 10 May 2021

      Thank you accurate_squid for your comment! I agree with you that plastic waste is harmful to both human and animal health. You have said that if plastic bags are not properly disposed of, they can impact the environment. Could you expand on this and explain how plastic bags, and other types of plastic waste can be properly disposed of, and whose responsibility it would be to do this?

      Reply to this comment
  • global-conversation.png helpful_dragonfruit | Kisaana SS | Uganda
    10 May 2021

    Type your comment here in my opinion,l agree with u that waste can be harmful to the environment in human and animal health because plastic bags can impact the environment. they can cause littering and stom drain blockages.

    plastic has a negative effect on shipping fishing, energy production and infrastructure

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