Brexit, as I am sure you already know, is a portmanteau of Britain and Exit. It was fist considered openly by ex Priminister David Cameron, but now is under the command of Priminister Teresa May along with the Parliment. In the post, I will be exploring the history of Brexit and the ongoing deals.
In mid February, David Cameron declared that Britain would be holding a referendum to decide whether Britain would stay in the EU, which stands for the European Union and is a joining (like the UK) of countries. Within these countries, people can cross borders without having to worry about passports. It also extends into trade, where countries do not have to pay to sell goods in other countries in the EU. To keep these privilages, Britain must pay £19b but if you consider how much money Britain gets back, they are only paying £13b and they don't have to worry about borders. This is equal to around £90 per person. Do you think this is too much money, even for its perks? This is why the referendum started, people thought £13b of tax money is too much to spend on a union. David Cameron even went as far to say that if Britain decides to leave, he will abdicate as priminister.
After ther referendum, the vote had turned out as 17,410,742 (51.89% of valid votes) to 16,141,241 (48.11% of valid votes), with leave winning. One of the many surprising things of the referendum is that 28% of people (roughly 700,000 Brits) did not vote at all- this number, along with the number of 0.08% of invalid votes (25,359 votes) totalled to 725,000 votes, which would have given the staying side a major boost, but still about 600,000 votes bellow the leaving side. The highest percentage of leaving votes came from areas around Peterborough, while the lowest from Sctoland and Northen Ireland. London was one of the highest staying votes with 80-100 % voting to stay (this paragraph's information was supllied by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Results_of_the_2016_United_Kingdom_European_Union_membership_referendum).
True to his promise (or maybe it was a threat...) David Cameron abdicated as priminister and so Theresa May was brung into presidency to declare the rest of the decisions. This vote is a referendum, meaning that all eligible British citiznes vote. What do you think would have been more effective, a referendum or a closed vote?
Tough Deals and Decisions
After the unexpected turnout of Brexit, many protested and asked for a second vote, but Theresa May had to carry on with deals. these deals included:
- Borders between the Republic of Ireland and Northen Ireland
- British people living in Europe and vice versa
- Cost of trade (except, oddly, fishing)
- The Euro Star (a train that connects Britain to mainland Europe)
(Information from https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-46212838+&cd=4&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=uk)
Theresa May has gone through many deals, each one getting worse, so worse that a member of Parliment said we should just except the next deal because they are just going to get worse. Should we be thinking on the same lines as them?
The deals as they stand are that:
- Borders between the Republic of Ireland and Northen Ireland will 'until further relationship becomes applicable' have a 'single customs territory between the Union and Britain', which in layman's terms means that the countries will have borders which you can still trade freely through, you can still pass through the borders. It is like a border that is like the EU's borders (https://www.nciprojects.org/project/single-customs-territory).
- British people living in Europe and vice versa will be able to continue living in Europe/Britain until the end of the transition period, which, as it stands, is December 2020. After this, however, if a resident wants to continue livng in Europe/Britain, they will have to apply for a visa (https://www.euronews.com/2018/11/15/brexit-draft-agreement-what-uk-citizens-living-in-the-eu-need-to-know-euronews-answers).
- Britain can apply for a 'Free Trade Arrangement' as this heavily benefits both Britain and Europe in their vast economies. This is because Britains biggest imports (meaning that it is bought) are from European countries and although its biggest export (selling) is the USA, after that, they are Germany, France and Belgium, which are all in the top 10 biggest contributers to the EU. (https://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2012/nov/22/eu-budget-spending-contributions-european-union, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/0/what-would-brexit-mean-for-british-trade/)
- The Eurostar's fate is currently being decided, however, officials have warned that a No-Deal Brexit Deal (exactly what it says it is) could lead to severe distruptions, cancelling and even the shutting down of the Channel Tunnel (which connects Britain and France). This would be a major detremental effect of Brexit to the economy as the Eurostar is one of the highest earning British-European companies (https://www.railway-technology.com/features/eurostar-after-brexit/)
This is the opposite of a referendum as the public does not get a say in it.
Brexit deals are still coming and going, so by the time you read this, almost all the deals could have altered. At this moment, 01/03/2019 22:42, all deals are correct.
All websites that have given information for this post are in italics strait after the paragraph, or in some cases, the sentence. Here is a list:
Amount of votes, valid and invalid per sector and overall:
What deals are taking place:
Borders between the Republic of Ireland and Northen Ireland:
British citizens in Europe and vice versa:
Spending and export/import from and to the EU:
- https://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2012/nov/22/eu-budget-spending-contributions-european-union, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/0/what-would-brexit-mean-for-british-trade/
What will happen to the Eurostar: